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YEAR in and year out, through good times and bad, there is usually one group 
of vegetable growers from whom we never hear a complaint. Analyzing their 
success, we find that almost invariably it is due to their ability to separate them- 
selves as far as possible from the hea\y competition. In some instances this has 
been through opening direct contacts with their customers, for it takes a particularly 
good grower to make money on the wholesale markets, but in nearly all cases it is their 
ability to grow a better vegetable. These successful men plan out their year several 
months ahead, as far as possible covering every detail, altering this plan only to accom- 
modate special situations as they develop. 

It takes an experienced grower to produce a superior product, but he knows that if 
his seed stocks are not superior he has no chance of keeping a step ahead of his com- 
petition. These men recognize the fact that it is now possible to buy a strain of almost 
any kind of seed which is distinctly ahead of the average in one particular or another, 
whether it be in flavor, in earliness, in size, in tonnage per acre, in appearance, or in re- 
sistance to disease. It is possible to buy seed at prices a great deal lower than those 
quoted in this catalogue. Generally speaking, we have no interest in trying to do business 
with the grower who is looking for the cheapest seed, for we have none of that kind to 
offer. We prefer to retain the good will of those who trade with us rather than taking 
a possible profit on an article which from its very nature will not make a dollar for our 
customer. You may dance, but you must always pay the fiddler. Never forget that. 
The inexorable law of reaping the whirlwind is bound to hold. Plan ahead this year. 
Work out a clear plan. 


Philadelphia, the birthplace of American Liberty, is moving to celebrate the middle 
mark of our second century with the Sesqui-Centennial International Exposition from 
June 1 to December 1, 1926. The Mayor and citizens of Philadelphia invite you to make 
a pilgrimage to the city of Independence Hall and the Liberty Bell during the period of 
the Exposition and to visit the scenes which played such an important part in the birth 
and early history of the nation. 

Our office, situated at 235 East Washington Square, is just three-minutes* walk from 
Independence Hall, the finest example of Colonial architecture in America. The beauty 

of this building and its historic tradition an- 
nually draw great throngs from all over the 
country. Being situated as we are in the old 
part of Philadelphia, where George Wash- 
ington, Benjamin Frankhn, Thomas Jeffer- 
son, and their great contemporaries lived, we 
are in close proximity to many of the old 
historic buildings. 

We feel sure that the Exposition itself 
will be thoroughly worth while. In con- 
nection with this, if we can be of any 
service to our customers, we hope you will 
freely call on us along such lines as hotel 
reservations, advice as to automobile 
routes, the best time to see the Exposition, 
and the hke. As customers of ours, we 
want you to know that we will give you a 
friendly greeting and be of any assistance 
possible. We will do everything possible 
to make your stay in our city enjoyable 
and worth while. In addition to all this, 
you will no doubt be interested in seeing 
our seed-growing work in New Jersey, 
which is always open to public inspection. 
We shall consider it an honor to have you 
call on us in any way. 



150 Years 

American Independence 




r^HIS catalogue is the spokesman of a firm specializiing in a few 
chosen stocks of fine vegetable seeds for market gardeners, and 
we have tried to make this emissary of ours faithfully picture our 
modest effort. We have discovered unexpected strength in concen- 
tration, for we can now apportion adequate time to the development 
of each of our 112 varieties, our program being spread over as much as 
four years in some cases. It is this analytical work that is producing 
results, and results count. If you are an old customer, you no doubt are 
sharing in the successes we hear of from many sources, such unusual 
successes that we have reason to believe we are helping to make real 
money for our customers. To all of our old customers, we extend greeting, a 
grateful word for your patronage, and the assurance of continued vigilance. 

If you are reading a Stokes catalogue for the first time, you at least 
recognise the old names and thus feel that you are on familiar ground. 
Our forty-eight years as seedsmen have given us a certain respect for 
these names, and we cannot approve of marching them out under 
strange titles. If you are shocked at being asked to pay $8 for a pound 
of Cabbage seed, at least take time to read the description and then 
figure out whether $3 seed is more profitable than $8 seed. Remember 
that profits lie in that extra yield after cost of production is paid for. 

And just a word about these descriptions. First of all, we have tried 
sincerely to make them really say something, to be precise and informa- 
tive. If Ear liana Tomato does not perform well on heavy soil, or if Golden 
Plume Celery must be handled promptly after blanching, we try to 
summon up the courage to say so. If, on the other hand, we have the honor 
of offering a new tomato like Marglobe, which is resistant to a very serious 
disease, we take time enough to explain precisely just how it all came 
about, giving credit where credit is due. 

Briefly, we offer: 

1. Vegetable seeds only. 

2. Simplicity of variety. 

3. Germination on every package. 

4. Twenty-four-hour delivery service, all charges paid. 

5. A really illuminating catalogue — the truth, even 

though it hurts. 

If this kind of business appeals to your shrewd instincts as a market 
gardener, we are yours to command. 


235 East ashington Square 
Fhiladclphia, Fennsylvania 
December i, 1925 

Copyright 192$, by Francis C. Stokes & Co. 




Jbi^ »^ 

The Meaning of the Appendage (Stokes) 

THE day a new varietal name is offered the public, it is, in a sense, public property 
and can be used by anyone by fair means or foul. A seedsman has no means what- 
ever of protecting himself against others taking that name and using it in connec- 
tion with the most abominable lot of seed in existence. On numerous occasions, we have 
felt that varieties introduced and sponsored by this house were later seriously jeopardized, 
if not definitely injured. Because of the situation, which is one entirely beyond our 
control, we are forced to adopt the custom of appending our own name to the varietal 
name, thus — Tomato, Marglobe (Stokes). By this we mean that seed thus identified is 
the product of this house and is sold with its endorsement. It does not necessarily mean 
that our firm was the breeder of the strain or the introducer of the stock. Neither does it 
carry any other warranty. It does, however, distinctly identify the stock in question as 
a product of Francis C. Stokes & Co. By this means we hope to more fully protect those 
who place confidence in us. 

Special Chemical Treatment Eliminates Much Disease 

Last season we subjected practically all of our seed to chemical treatment. In some 
instances we met with almost startling results and we are convinced that there is a field 
for broader study. Almost every vegetable is an individual problem in itself. We are 
prepared to state definitely that in some form or other we are subjecting the following seed 
to special treatment; viz., cabbage, cauliflower, cucumber, muskmelon, watermelon, pepper, 
radish and tomato. In a general way, this treatment may be described as disinfecting the 
seed against surface-borne disease spores. We have found that this in turn accelerates 
germination besides greatly stimulating subsequent plant gro\\1;h. In many cases this 
advances the date of maturity as well as increases the crop yield. These treatments are 
accomplished at a considerable expense, but our results and reports from our customers 
so thoroughly convince us that we are working along the right lines, we have definitely 
decided to continue. Naturally w^e shall be very glad to coordinate our activities with 
Experiment Station men, especially Pathological Departments. 

The Significance of Our Super-Standards 

Out of our 112 varieties, 32 are distinguished as Super-Standard strains. Such stocks 
are distinctly superior to the average commercial type sold under that name. In the minds 
of our customers, this designation now carries with it a real distinction, for we have set up 
a very severe criterion, and a strain must very definitely win its place before it is worthy of 
the Super-Standard designation. Our ideal, as seedsmen, is to achieve a point where all of our 
stocks are so designated. We have not yet been able to estimate the necessary time required 
to achieve this. 

We Pay All Delivery Charges 

We really mean this. Any individual item in our catalogue, without extra charge of 
any kind, will be delivered anywhere in the United States or Canada. There is no if or but 
in this offer, which, combined with a strict twenty-four hour delivery service, makes our 
position as concrete as possible. When a customer orders radish seed quoted at $1 per 
pound, this means $1, delivered right to his front door. 

Please Use the Front Door 

Quite naturally, some of our Super-Standard stocks have attracted the attention of our 
fellow seedsmen. These stocks, as all others that we catalogue, are open to the entire public, 
including competitive seedsmen, all of whom we like to think of as being friendly to us. 
Such being the case, we want to make one request of our contemporaries in the craft; 
namely, that if you want any of these stocks, you ask for them in your own name and not 
through some intermediary. The same principle applies to our catalogue, copies of which 
will be gladly sent to any of our competitors for the asking. The chances are we will return 
the courtesy in some form or other ourselves some day, so let's use the front door. 




The Germination Figures for 1926 

THE vitality of seed is very largely dependent on weather conditions at the time of 
harvest. If the curing process is a normal one, the chance of strong germination is 
greatly improved. For 1926, the figures quoted below should hold with some degree 
of accuracy. We are one of the few firms that actually stamp the germination on the seed 
package, and we do this because the planter is entitled to know the vitaHty of the seed 
according to the latest test. This information certainly reacts to the planter's advantage. 

Weather conditions at the time of planting may materially reduce the germination as 
indicated on our latest test. In this regard we have found the fair-minded planter, as a 
rule, takes this element into consideration. If, under normal conditions, and especially 
with the added evidence of a check test, our stocks do not come up to specifications, we 
hope you will notify us promptly. We are often asked whether seed carried over from one 
season to another will germinate. Providing it has been stored in a dry place, generally 
speaking, we should say that it will. The following are the exceptions to this rule: Egg- 
plant, Okra, Onion, Parsley, Parsnip, Pepper, and Salsify. These seven items have a 
tendency to lose their germination after one year. The approximate germination figures 
for 1926 are as follows: 

Per Cent 

Asparagus 90 

Beans, Dwarf 90 

Beans, Lima 90 

Beet 80 

Brussels Sproutr, 85 

Cabbage 85 

Carrot 75 

Cauliflower 80 

Celery 80 

Corn, Sweet 90 

Cucumber 85 

Per Cent 

Eggplant 80 ; 

Endive 80 

Kale 85 

Kohlrabi 85 

Leek 70 

Lettuce 80 

Muskmelon 90 

Waterm.elor. 90 

Okra 85 

Onion 70 

Parsley 75 

Per Cent 

Parsnip 75 

Peas 90' 

Pepper 80 

Pumpkin .90 

Radish . .85 

Salsify 75 

Spinach 85 

Squash 90 

Tomato 90 

Turnip. 90 


Kind of 

Asparagus Seed. 

■Seed required for- 

100 feet of drill One acre 

1 oz 5 lbs. 

Asparagus Roots. .60 to 80 roots. . 5,000 roots 

Beans 1 lb 50 lbs. 

Beet 1 oz 7 lbs. 

Cabbage 1 oz. produces about 

5,000 plants. 

Carrot 3^oz lbs. 

Cauliflower 1 oz. produces about 

8,000 plants. 
Celery 1 oz. produces about 

20,000 plants. 

Corn, Sweet Mlb. 12 lbs. 

Cucumber 1 oz 2 lbs. 

Brussels Sprouts. . i^oz 2 ozs. 

Chicory }ioz. 

Eggplant 3^oz i^lb. 

Endive 1 oz 2 lbs. 

Kale . . . i^oz. 

Kohlrabi }4oz. 

Leek 34oz. 

Okra 2 ozs. 

Lettuce i^oz . 

Muskmelon 1 oz. 

Watermelon 1 oz. 

1 lb. 

1 lb. 
4 lbs. 
8 lbs. 
3 lbs. 

2 lbs. 
2 lbs. 

Kind of 

■Seed required for- 

100 feet of drill One acre 

Parsnip >40z 3 lbs. 

Parsley 3^oz 3 lbs. 

Onion 3^oz 4 lbs. 

Pepper 1 oz. produces 2,500 plants; 4 

ozs. an acre of plants. 

Pumpkin I oz 4 lbs. 

Squash 1 oz. will plant 100 hills; 4 lbs. 

an acre. 

Peas 1 lb., 100 lbs. of dwarf varieties, 

or 50 pounds of the tall 
varieties, will plant an acre. 

Radish 1 oz 10-12 lbs. 

Spinach Hoz, 8 lbs., drilled, plants an 

acre; if seed is broadcasted, 
sow 25 pounds to the acre 

Salsify 1 oz.; 2 lbs. will plant i^acre. 

Tomato 1 oz. of seed will produce over 

3,000 plants, which, if 
planted 4 by 4 feet, will 
cover an acre. 

Turnip Hoz.; 2 lbs., drilled, will plant 

anacre;if broadcasted, 
allow 3 pounds. 


Distance Apart No. Plants 

12 X 3 inches 174,240 

18x3 inches..... 116,160 

12 X 18 inches 29,040 

1 X 1 feet 43,560 

Distance Apart No. Plants 

2x2 feet 10,890 

3 x 1 feet 14,520 

3x2 feet 7,260 

3x3 feet 4,840 

Distance Apart No. Plants 

4 X 1 feet 10,890 

4x2 feet 5,445 

4x4 feet 2,723 

8 X 8 feet 680 

Cultural Suggestions 
on Asparagus 

Our friend, Dr. Jesse B. Norton, a great horticultiirist 
and plant breeder. The man largely responsible for Mary 
Washington Asparagus and Virginia Savoy Spinach. 

yiSPARAGUS is of comparatively easy culture 
AA once a bed is established. It should, with 
^ moderate care, produce for upward of 
twenty years. In the matter of soil, a sandy loam 
is preferable, although not a necessity, for Aspara- 
gus is very adaptable to variable soil conditions. 
The bed must be well drained, however, for it will 
: ^ ^ thrive under extreme moisture. Preparation 

mm \ of the soil by thorough subsoiling and deep plowing 

is a necessary step. Go down at least 15 inches. 
S Assuming that green Asparagus is preferable over 

^^^Ik ^^^^ white or blanched variety, we recommend that 

^^^^^K iy*^ trenches be dug 4}^ feet apart. These trenches 

^^^^^K ^ should be a foot deep, with the earth thoroughly 

^^^^HK j/ loosened and liberally dressed with well-decom- 

^^^^^H i . -M^"^ posed stable manure, and a layer of at least 2 

^^^^fp" ' hJ />r ir^ ^^^o^ inches of fresh earth put over this. This allows a 

^^^H|'' / » depth of about 8 inches for the planting of the 

^^MPF \ ^ / Asparagus root. Very often the trench is left 

^^f V ^ open, with only about 2 inches of soil over the 

roots or crowns, fresh soil being applied as the 
root develops, until, by the close of the first season, 
the surface is practically level. We recommend 
that roots be set 20 inches apart in the row. Thus, approximately 3,000 roots are required per acre. 
This is about the number of roots that can be produced from one pound of seed. 

Contrary to former practice, the best Asparagus growers now transplant only one-year-old roots. 
It appears that the shock of transplanting two or three- 
year-old roots greatly retards the future growth and 
delays cutting. There is still a practice among some \ 
firms of listing their first-grade Asparagus roots as / 
two-year-old roots, and their second-grade as ' ' 

one-year-old. Do not be misled on this point. 
Our large, one-year-old roots will allow a three- 
weeks' cutting season the spring after they are 
set. The second season thereafter, a full season 
cut may be obtained. April or May are the best 
months for setting out an Asparagus bed. 
W e do not recommend fall planting. 

Arguments pro and con for green and 
for white Asparagus are now largely drift- 
ing over to the green side, so that now 
ver^^ few markets pay a higher price for 
the big, coarse white sorts. The consumer 
has discovered that the green product has 
the more delicate flavor. The two types 

are produced from the same variety — the difference of color 
being entirely due to cultural treatment. Incidentally, green 
Asparagus can be grown in much stifFer soil than the white. To 
produce green Asparagus, practice level cultivation and cut al- 
most entirely above the ground; for white Asparagus, it is 
necessary to hill the rows, cutting some 8 inches below the 
ground. Of all vegetables which are improved by quick hand- 
hng and freshness. Asparagus is, perhaps, the best example. It 
begins to lose its rare flavor within twenty miinutes after cut- 
ting. There is a lesson in this for the wide-awake roadside 

In the matter of fertilization of an Asparagus bed, we would 
recommend an annual application of stable manure or commer- 
cial fertilizer. We do not recommend the practice of cover 

cropping nor intercropping at any period during the developing. Our Mary Washington Asparagus roots arc 
of an Asoaraeus bed large and healthy. Planted in 1926 you can cut 

OI an Asparagus Oea. Asparagus in 1927 for at least three weeks. 




Mary Washington Asparagus 


The Largest and Most Profitable Rust-Resistant Strain 

Asparagus Rust took a heavy toll this past season. Insure against 
this loss by planting Mary Washington 

Mary Washington, the best of the Washinj^ 
which were all developed by Dr. J. B. Norton, for 
on the Government staff of plant-breeders, 
offered to our trade as by all means the most 
strain of Asparagus in existence. This is the ; 
that we have offered Washington Asparagus, 
and we now do not hesitate to place the 
Mary Washington strain ahead of all others. 
This decision has been reached as a result 
of large commercial tests in various parts ot 
the country, showing this strain to be more 
profitable because of its larger size and 
greater productiveness. 

The demand for Asparagus during the 
past decade has greatly increased the 
acreage. Although there has been some 
complaint of over-production, we have not 
heard a single instance in which Mary 
Washington was not showing a strong profit. 

Mary Washington will produce the very 
highest type of green Asparagus it is possible 
to grow. It is earlier. larger, and longer than 
the Pedigree Washington and Martha 
Washington, and, for all commercial pur- 
poses, is equally rust-resistant. The tips are 
very tight and do not prematurely "sprangle 
out" or "blow," a feature which greatly 
increases its sales value. Asparagus with 
premature!}^ loose buds does not keep well 
on the market, and also loses its good flavor. 
This feature is later recognized by the high 
branching habit of the plant after the 
cutting season. In view of the prevalence ot 
rust, it seems to us to be the greatest folly 
for any Asparagus grower to plant additional 
acreage with the old varieties such as 
Palmetto, Giant Argenteuil, etc., which are 
susceptible to rust. 

Price of large, selected MARY WASHING- 
TON ROOTS, delivered: $2.50 per 100; $7.50 
for 500; $12 per 1,000; 5,000 roots or over, $10 
per 1,000. 

TON SEED, delivered : Pkt. 10c. ; oz. 30c. ; V^lb. 
$1 ; lb. $3.75 ; 5 lbs. or over at $3.50 per lb. 

What is Asparagus Rust ? 

The fact that Asparagus rust {Puccinia 
Asparagi) does not appear on the newly 
grown shoots has caused many growers to 
claim that they are immtune to rust dif- 
ficuhies. Asparagus rust is a fungous 
parasite introduced into this country about 
1900. Within eight years it had spread 
from coast to coast. It develops on the 
Asparagus fern during July and August, 
at first showing rectangular red-brown 
spots along the lower stem. These gradually 
spread into the upper parts of the fern and 
cause the premature browning of the tops 
during the period when the plant stores up 
its food-supply for the new spring shoots. 
The Mary Washington strain is almost 
totally immune to this rust and will form a 
strong, heahhy top growth which insures 
a productive crop. All of our roots are 
grown directly from seed produced under 
Dr. Norton's supervision. 


One pound of seed plants 100 feet of drill; 
50 pounds plant an acre 

Fordhook Bush. 

Days to maturity-, 75. This %-igorous Lima is a prolific bearer, producing a large 
number of pods about 4 inches in length on \-ines gro-^ing to a height of 15 inches. 
The dried Beans are rather thick from side to side and are nearly white in color. For table purposes, Fordhook 
does not seem as desirable as the Wonder Bush. Price, delivered: ^Ib. 15 cts.; lb. 45 cts.; 2 lbs. 85 cts.; 5 lbs. S2; 
50 lbs. S17.50. 

Wonder Bush. T^li 

the later introductions, having been first offered 
by Dreer. From the standpoint of table quahty, 
we believe it is one of the most desirable Limas 
listed. The pods attain a length of 4 inches and 
contain an average of 4 Beans which are flat in 
shape and of fine flavor. The Wonder Bush is a 
prolific bearer, but is not the equal of Fordhook. 
Price, delivered: i^lb. 15 cts.; lb. 40 cts.; 2 lbs. 
75 cts.; 5 lbs. Si. 75; 50 lbs. Sl5. 

Carpinteria Pole. 

produces large quantities of handsome pods and 
is of unsurpassed flavor when prepared for the 
t-able. The Beans themselves are not of the 
enormous size boasted of in some varieties, but 
they are exceedingly tender and hold their bright 
green color when prepared for the table. Do not 
fail to plant some Carpinteria Pole this year. It 
v^-fll be your best Lima. Price, delivered: 141b. 
15 cts.; lb. 40 cts.; 2 lbs. 75 cts.; 5 lbs. Si. 75; 
50 lbs. S15. 

Giant Stringless (Green . 

UOHXSOX & STOKES, 1898.] Days to ma- 
turity, 45. After 2:y years. Giant Stringless now 
holds a very prominent place among Green Beans. 

hen picked young and handled promptly it is 
of the highest table quality and of delicious 
flavor. The bearing period of Giant Stringless is 
comparatively short, and, therefore, continuous 
plantings are suggested. The pods of the mature 
Beans are from 5 to 6 in. long. Color of dry seeds, 
vellow-brown. Price, delivered: ^^Ib. i5 cts.; 
lb. 35 cts.; 2 lbs. 65 cts.; 5 lbs. Si. 50; 50 lbs 

Pencil-Pod Wax). 

{JOHXSOX & STOKES, 1900.] Days to ma- 
turity, 45. This black-seeded stringless Bean is 
by far the most hardy of its class. Although not 
as well knovsTi as the Round-Pod Kidney Wax, 
we consider it to be of equal quality. The slender 
pods grow to a length of 6 inches, being slightly 
curved near the tip. They are round, seven- 
seeded, very clear yellow, absolutely stringless 
and brittle. Color of dried seed, black. Price, 
delivered : ^ ^Ib. 15 cts. ; lb. 35 cts. ; 2 lbs. 65 cts. ; 
5 lbs. SI. 50; 50 lbs. S13.50. 

Round-Pod Kidney (Wax). 

[JOHXSOS & STOKES, 1900-] Days to ma- 
turity, 4?. This is, perhaps, the best known of 
the Wax Beans. Round-Pod Kidney Wax is a 
ver\- desirable table Bean, being of high flavor 
and excellent quality, but, as is the case with 
all Beans of this class, must be gathered when 
young. The pods are about 5 inches long, slightly 
cunv-ed, round, yellow, brittle and entirely string- 
less. .\Iore susceptible to cold weather than 
Pencil-pod. Price, delivered: ijb. 15 cts.; lb. 
35 cts.; 2 lbs. 65 cts.; 5 lbs. Si. 50; 50 lbs. S13.50. 

Days to maturity. 45. It is 
recommended for ail purposes, 
it being very early, vigorous, and productive. 
The mature pods are from 6 to 7 inches long, 
straight, broad, flat, light green, and absolutely 
stringless for snaps. It is a highly flavored va- 
riety and one that can be recommended for local 
consumption as well as for the large markets. 
Price, delivered: Hlb. 15 cts.; lb. 35 cts.; 2 lbs. 
65 cts.; 5 lbs. Si. 50; 50 lbs. ^13.50. 

Pencil-Pod and Giant Stringless Beans 6 






One ounce of seed plants 100 feet 
of drill; 7 pounds plant an acre 

{Beta vulgaris.) Native of Egypt and Persia. Under 
cultivation at least 2,200 years. Introduced into Europe 
about 1600. 

Crosby Bright Egyptian 


A bright red strain of the famous Crosby 

Days to maturity, 45. Many market gardeners have 
found, especially in the early spring, that a bright red 
Beet attracts twice the attention of a dark one. To 
cover this requirement, we herewith offer a stock of 
Crosby Egyptian whose outside color is distinctly a 
bright red, as contrasted with the rich, dark red of the 
strain we have been carrying. Crosby fright Egyptian 
is a stock comparable to the Crosby Dark Egyptian 
except that in color it is a bright vermihon-red, 
the outside color presenting a very fresh and 
attractive appearance. We beheve that this 
strain will make a valuable addition to our hst 
of Super-Standards. Price, delivered: Pkt. 
10 cts.; oz. 15 cts.; i^lb. 35 cts.; lb. $1.25; 5 lbs. or more, $1.15 per lb. 

Crosby Dark Egyptian Beet 

Crosby Dark Egyptian 


A blood- red strain of the Crosby Egyptian 

Days to maturity, 45. This is identically the same Crosby Egyptian that we have offered for the past 
two years with such success. In contrast of the Crosby Bright Egyptian, it is a very dark red strain. It is 
characterized by its great sweetness and tenderness and is remarkably smooth. In shape it is not full globe, 
but approaches the globe type. The outside skin is a rich deep red, while the inside is a blood-red with 
slightly lighter zones. Because of this color characteristic, it is especially recommended for maturity during 
the midsummer canning period and might very profitably follow a planting of Crosby Bright Egyptian. 
Crosby Dark Egyptian we hold to be a very superior product. We find our customers are coming back to us 
year after year for it, not once hesitating to pay the shghtly higher price it is necessary to ask for a Beet of 
this quahty. Price, delivered: Pkt. 10 cts.; oz. 15 cts.; Vilb. 35 cts.; lb. $1.25; 5 lbs. or more, $1.15 per lb. 

Early Wonder 

A valuable early 
market Beet 

Days to maturity, 42. We offer no illustra- 
tion of this Beet because it is very similar in 
shape to Crosby Egyptian, as shown on this 
page. We believe this Beet has a distinct 
place because of its brilliant appearance. Our 
strain is extremely early, of uniform, bright 
red color, and with a small top, which makes 
it suitable for bunching. Price, delivered: 
Pkt. 10 cts.; oz. 15 cts.; V4lb. 35 cts.; lb. 
$1.25; 5 lbs. or more, $1.15 per lb. 

Detroit Dark Red 


Days to maturity, 50. Detroit has been a 
standard variety for a third of a century and is 
now universally planted for midseason purposes. 
It is especially desirable for canning, owing to the 
fact that it holds its rich, blood-red color through 
the entire process. The shape of Detroit Dark 
Red is almost a perfect globe. Its edible quality 
may be described as good. Our stock is specially 
selected from the true type of Detroit, and it has 
already proved to be extremely satisfactory. 
Price, delivered: Pkt. 10 cts.; oz. 15 cts.; \41b. 
35 cts.; lb. $1.25; 5 lbs. or more, $1.15 per lb. 

Detroit Dark Red Beet 


The Century Beet 


The best quality table Beet for midsummer, fall, or 
winter use. Its green tops are even more delicious than 

Days to maturity, 60. The popularity of this Beet is 
constantly increasing. For years it has been the leading 
variety in the gardens of Lancaster County, Pennsyl- 
vania, and of late it has been well disseminated by the 
seed trade under different names, such as Winter 
Keeper, All Seasons, Rajah, etc., so that it is now 
well and favorably known over a wide territory. There are three 
reasons for its great popularity. In the first place, the blood- 
red root is of very dehcate texture, and even when grown for a period 
of three or four months, during which time it may attain a size of 
6 to 8 inches in diameter, it is still practically fiberless and of very 
dehcious eating quahty. Also, it is a splendid keeper and when 
properly stored will carry through the entire winter. Combined 
with these two features is its succulent green top, which as a green 
is a close rival to spinach and Swiss chard. It may be prepared fresh 
for the table or canned for winter use. We advise two or three con- 
secutive plantings from April until August. 

This is the fourteenth season that we ha\'e carried New Century, 
and we might say that the demand for it is greater than 
ever. We recommend it to all who give any place to 
quality in their gardening operations. The colored photo- 
graph appearing on this page was made from an average 
sample taken from our trial-ground this year. Price, 
delivered: Pkt. 10 cts.; oz. 25 cts.; V^lb. 85 cts.; lb. $3; 
5 lbs. or more, $2.75 per lb. 

Swiss Chard, Giant Lucullus 

The first cutting may be in 60 days^ 
As a midsummer green, Swiss Chard has great food 
-value. Although comparatively unknown on the com- 
mercial markets, we believe it is a vegetable that will 
bear more attention by market gardeners. Giant Lucullus grows 
to a height of 20 inches. The leaf is a rich dark green, with a 
yellowish green midrib. Both the ribs and leaves are eaten, the 
latter being boiled as a green and the former being treated very 
much like asparagus. Either one or a combination of both can 
be successfully canned. Price, delivered: Pkt. 10 cts.; oz. 15 cts.; 
V4lb. 30 cts.; lb. $1. 

Mangel Beet, 
Mammoth Long Red 

Days to maturity, 100. This is the most universally grown stock 
Beet in this country. It attains a very heavy tonnage per acre, the 
average of individual roots often being over 10 pounds, and we have 
known species to exceed 25 pounds. The average length is from 10 
to 12 inches. Am.erican agriculture has never given the place to the 
Mangel Beet that it should have. Certainly as a stock-feed it 
deserves far greater consideration. 

Mangel Beets are adaptable to almost any soil, but a deep loam is 
very desirable. The seed should be planted in the early spring in 
rows at least 2 feet apart. Allow more than an inch between each 
seed, covering with about 13^ inches of fine soil firmly pressed down. 
Frequent cultivation is desirable. As the roots develop, they should 
be thinned to at least 10 inches apart. Price, delivered: Oz. 10 cts.; 
Vilh. 20 cts. ; lb. 60 cts. ; 5 lbs. or more, 50 cts. per lb. 






One ounce of seed 
produces about 5,000 plants 

We take great pride in the eight strains of Cabbage offered in this catalogue. In all modesty, we beheve 
they will favorably compare with the stocks from any other source, for they are all the result of the most 
advanced growing methods. There is a vast amount of very poor Cabbage seed offered at the present time. 
What the good grower wants is Cabbage heads and not Cabbage leaves. He wants either earliness or tonnage 
per acre. The descriptions have been made up with great care and are as precise in their information as we 
can make them. By reading them carefully, any good Cabbage grower can decide which varieties are best 
for his particular situation. 

These are in no sense ordinary stocks of Cabbage that we are offering, and we urge our customers not 
merely to glance at the varietal name and price and pass on, for our seed is of exceptional merit, such as 
cannot be produced for the usual commercial prices. Reports received from customers make us confident 
that the policy of supplying only the very best strains so far developed is the best in the long run. Cabbage 
will not always bring $5 per barrel, as it did this past season, for ordinarily it is a highly competitive crop. 
For this reason, we cannot too strongly urge our customers to plant the very best strains available, and, 
as far as possible, thus step out of your severe competition. Next to tomatoes, we consider Cabbage our 
most important single item. 

The Golden Acre 


Days to maturity, 95. This variety matures ten 
days earlier than our strain of Copenhagen Market, 
which type it resembles. The heads average 2% 
pounds, the size most desired by the consumer, and, 
if desired, the weight per head can be increased by 
broader spacing and higher fertilization. On the 
other hand. Golden Acre normally can be planted 
12 to 14 inches apart in the row, so that more heads 
per acre can be grown than of Copenhagen Market. 
However, it has a smaller stalk and more compact 
leaf-growth, and is also slightly smoother and of 
lighter-green color. The stock we offer comes 
directly from the originator's fields and is in no 
way comparable to some so-called stocks of Golden 
Acre which can be offered at a much cheaper price. 
Again, we would point out that the factor of earliness 
in a spring Cabbage crop is usually the most im- 
portant. Price, delivered: Pkt. 25 cts.; oz. 65 cts. ; 
y4lb. $2.50; lb. $10. 

Golden ;i*^V*« 
Acre y • - ^1 

//■/ '1. -.i- 

Early Jersey Wakefield 


Days to maturity, 90. We claim for this strain 
that it is the earliest, and perhaps the truest, stock 
of Wakefield so far developed. It will mature heads 
fully a week in advance of the average stocks of 
Wakefield, and every Cabbage grower knows the 
value of such performance. One customer ne'ar 
Piqua, Ohio, reported that his entire crop was 
developed, cut, and marketed before his neighbors 
began to cut their Wakefield. Another customer 
from Attleboro, Mass., reported this stock to be as 
near perfect as any strain he had ever seen, his 
entire crop being true to the perfect type. The 
heads will average 1 % pounds each. Even at $8 per 
pound, this strain costs the planter only 25 cents 
per acre more than ordinary seed. It is a fact that 
the pointed types of Cabbage are sweeter and more 
tender than the rounded heads. Price, delivered: 
Pkt.25c.;oz. 50c.; 

V4lb. $2; lb. $8; ^ ' " \^ 
5 lbs. or more, ^ , 

$7.50 per lb. 





*Our Cabbage seed has been subjected to a chemical treatment to eliminate surface-borne disease. This also greatly 
stimulates germination and subsequent plant growth. We would warn against the use of infected soil in the seed bed. 


Copenhagen Market Cabbage 

Days to maturity, 105. Our strain of Copenhagen Market, a solid, round-headed Cabbage, will mature 
ten days later than our Golden Acre. The head is larger, averaging about four pounds. With this stock also, 
we handle only the originator's seed which is grown for us near the city of Copenhagen. Copenhagen Market 
can be bought for half the price we ask for it, but in line with our pohcy of offering only the finest stocks 
available, we feel that we would not be keeping faith with our customers if we handled that kind of seed. 
The stock as offered will prove to be uniformlv true to type and a very valuable one from every point of view. 
Price, delivered: Pkt. 10 cts.; oz. 35 cts.; i^lb. $1.25; lb. $5; 5 lbs. or more at $4.75 per lb." 

Does It Pay to Plant Golden Acre? 

The following figures, taken from a New England Experiment Station trial this past summer, are illuminating: 





No. of 

Ave. Wt. 



No. of 

Ave. Wt. 




per Head 



per Head 













































The seed used in this test was supplied by our firm and the strains are identically the same as those offered in this catalogue. 
The seed was planted March 27. These figures will answer a question which has puzzled many market gardeners. 




The Houser 

Days to maturity, 145. This variety has proved 
to be one of the most popular Cabbages for the state 
of Pennsylvania, and we recommend it generally for 
our customers as a sort of exceptional merit. It 
will take i\A\y 145 days for it to reach maturity. 
Planters will, therefore, set their fields of this variety 
earlier than for Danish Ballhead. Houser is a 
rather large-leaved Cabbage, with a solid, round- 
conical head. It is of most excellent quality, has a 
very small core, and will prove a good keeper. 
Houser is especially recommended for planters in 
those districts where Danish Ballhead cannot be 
grown successfully. Price, delivered: Pkt. 10 cts.; 
oz. 50 cts.; Vilb. $1.75; lb. $6.50 


Mammoth Red Rock 

Days to maturity, 130. Red Cabbage usually 
commands a higher market price than white Cab- 
bage, and although the demand is limited, it usually 
pays to have some of the red. Our strain of Mam- 
moth Red Rock is offered as one of the most 
satisfactory all-round red Cabbages for conditions 
in the Middle Atlantic States. It will be found 
uniform, hard-headed, and of brilhant, attractive 
market appearance. W e can recommend this seed 
very highly. Price delivered: Pkt. 10 cts.; oz. 25 cts.; 
i/4lb. $1 ; lb. $4. 






Two Superb Stocks of Danish Ballhead 

We offered, last year, Reed Bros.' strain, grown by practical New York State Cabbage-growers who for fourteen 
years have produced an average of 223^2 tons per acre. This year we are offering, in addition, Penn State Ballhead, 
a stock developed by Dr. C. E. Myers of the Department of Plant Breeding, Pennsylvania State College. We 
consider both strains very superior from every point of view. It is a fact that better results seem to be obtained with 
the Ballhead types in the more northernly districts, such as Central Pennsylvania, New York, and New England. 
We have seen almost total failures of the variety in some parts of New Jersey, which indicates that it thrives best 
in a more rigorous climate. 

Penn State Ballhead 


Days to maturity, 130. According to the records 
at Pennsylvania State College, this variety has proved 
even better than the splendid Reed Bros.' strain. The 
two stocks have been developed very much along 
parallel lines, and each is offered herewith with every 
confidence that it will turn out a most successful crop. 
The recent experimental plots of this strain have shown 
it to be of very superior caliber. Th^it Dr. Myers has 
accomplished a real triumph with his new strain will be 
very apparent to any cabbage grower who tries his 
strain. If you grow Ballhead, be sure to plant at 
least a part of your acreage to Penn State. Price, 
delivered: Pkt. 25 cts.; oz. 65 cts.; V^lh. $2.50; lb. $10. 

Pocono Mountain Savoy 


Days to maturity, 125. We consider this to be one 
of the finest strains of curled Cabbage so far developed. 

Pocono Mountain Savoy will prove 
a real hard-headed sort, satisfac- 
tory for storage late into the 
winter. The heavily curled, dark 
green heads, which are uni- 
formly well-formed and solid, 
will give this Cabbage first 
consideration on any mar- 
ket. The photograph in 
natural colors below is a 
fair sample of the type. 
^ Price, delivered: Pkt. 25 
cts.; oz. 65 cts.; VJb. 
$2.50; lb. $10. 

Reed Bros/ Ballhead 


Days to maturity, 130. The secret of the increased 
tonnage of this strain lies in the selection for hard, tight 
heads which weigh one-third more than ordinary heads 
of equal size. It has unusual keeping qualities, due 
partly to an unusual lap-over of the leaf, a very de- 
sirable feature for late storage, when, ordinarily, 
trimming is necessary. The head is very compact 
and for this reason the plants may be set in rows 
3 feet apart and 21 inches apart in the row (7,500 
plants per acre). This will produce a head of from 4 
to 6 pounds, which, for winter Cabbage, is the usual 
market requirement. For larger heads, set farther 
apart. Price, delivered: Pkt. 25 cts.; oz. 65 cts.; 
y4lb. $2.50; lb. $10. 

Note on Cabbage Yellows 

This disease is making greater inroads toward the Middle 
Atlantic States. It is very serious in Wisconsin. So far we are 
not prepared to recommend any of the Yellows Resistant 
stocks to our eastern customers for the reason that all of those 
so far produced are nc!: equal in quality, productiveness, or 
uniformity with the strains offered here^ 
with. By a three or four -year crop 
rotation, we find that cabbage Yel 

lows, in districts where the disease ||ii|iit.j||miii|r| ..iiani ,.p~ %, 
is not deeply intrenched, will almost J^^mSV^^mLimXmS'^S-^. 
eliminate the difTicuhy. It is the 
repeated plantings of Cabbage 
on the same field, year after 
year, that causes the spread o" 
the disease. In cases where the 
disease is very severe, we, of 
course, would recommend 
planting only the Yellows 
Resistant strains which can 

be secured from a number *^ » "ijhmwwmbk 

of sources in the Middle / '^■^^m'^ ^^a^^L>Mi il l lilL W*''*l^^H^r * -^^Si-* 
West, including . * 
Vaughan's Seed 
Store, Chicago, 
Ills., which car- 
ries very reliable 






One-half ounce of seed plants 100 feet of drill; 
21/2 pounds plant an acre 

[Daucus carota.) Native of Europe, probably the British Isles. Our 
common garden Carrot has probably not been under cultivation for more 
than 500 years. 


Days to maturity, 65. Our strain of Chantenay is exceptionally fine 
and has a brilliant color, fine-textured flesh, is free from fiber, and has a 
remarkably smooth exterior. It is accurately illustrated in color on this 
page. There has been some complaint that Chantenay splits in wet 
weather, and for those who have had that experience we would recom- 
mend Danvers Half-Long. For a standard midseason Carrot, however, 
maturing midway between Coreless and Danvers, Chantenay is recom- 
mended very highly. Our strain has a small top, finely cut shoulders, 
and tapers but slightly. The uniformity of shape and color of this 
stock will be a satisfaction to all who plant it. Price, delivered: Pkt. 
10 cts.; oz. 15 cts.; V4^.b. 35 cts.; lb. $1.25; 5 lbs. or more, $1.15 per lb. 


Days to maturity, 60. This, perhaps, is the most delicately flavored 
Carrot that we offer. It is a comparatively quick grower, so that the 
texture of the root is more delicate, the good feature of it being that it is 
almost completely free from the rather hard core usually found in the 
other varieties. In length it will run from 4 to 6 inches. W e firmly 
believe that the Core- 

less type will become 
increasingly popular, 
especially with the de- 
velopment of roadside 
markets, for there is 
little comparison be- 
tween the table quality 
of this Carrot and 
Chantenay or Dan- 
vers. Commercially, 
it may not have the 
classic lines of Chan- 
tenay, but it is the 
quality of the flesh and 
the flavor which is 
served to the public, 
tually, buyers on the produce 
become aware of this 
not buy solely on ap- 
pearances. Price, delivered: Pkt. 
10 cts.; oz. 15 cts.; V4lb. 35 cts.; lb. $1.25; 5 lbs. or 
more, $1.15 per lb. 


markets wil 
fact and 

Danvers Half-Long 

Days to maturity, 75. This variety shares almost 
equal popularity with Chantenay in the commercial 
field. Its real place is as a late fall Carrot, very often 
sold, with the tops removed, in barrels The advantage 
of Danvers over Chantenay is that it is slightly larger, 
does not throw side roots after reaching maturity, 
which is a tendency of Chantenay, and will not split 
in wet weather. In shape it is quite similar to Chan- 
tenay except that it is more pointed at the root and 
has a larger shoulder. Price, delivered: Pkt. 10 cts.; 
oz. 15 cts.; Vilb. 35 cts.; lb. $1.25; 5 lbs. or more, 
$1.15 per lb. 

February 28, 1925. 

Dear Mr. Stokes: 

/ want to thank you personally jor the very prompt man- 
ner in which you handled our order. I am sure this service 
will be greatly appreciated bv the majority of your patrons. 

— From a Mid- Western Experiment Station. 





White Mountain Erfurt Cauliflower'' 


Days to maturity, 130. We offer this stock as being, probably, the most satisfactory for general com- 
mercial production. This strain has made a strong place for itself in some of the most important Cauhflower 
districts, and in numerous competitive trials it has come out with very high honors. White Mountain Erfurt 
is at least a week later than the Early Snowball, also offered on this page. It is, however, shghtly more 
vigorous, and for general-crop purposes, where earhness is not the only factor, it is recommended in pre- 
ference to it. The names Erfurt and Snowball, as apphed to Cau iflower, are now largely synonymous and 
mean very httle, except when amplified by strain names In again offering this same stock of White Mountain 
Erfurt, our trade can depend upon it as being thoroughly reliable from every point of view. Price, delivered: 
Pkt. 25 cts.; 1/202. 80 cts. ; oz. $1.50; y4lb. $6; lb. $24. 

Early Snowball 


Days to maturity, 125. We offer this strain as the best extra-early Cauliflower available. It will mature 
fully a week earher than White Mountain Erfurt, developing a head from 8 to 10 inches across. It has a 
compact habit of growth, permitting close planting which is an important factor for greenhouse production. 
This stock is grown for us by a Danish Cauliflower expert near the city of Copenhagen. It is offered with 
every confidence that it will produce a superior product. Price, delivered: Pkt. 25 cts.; y20z. 80 cts.; oz. 
$1 50; V4lb. $6; lb. $24. 

*This seed has been treated chemically to eliminate all surface-borne disease. This treatment also g-eatly stimulates germi- 
nation and subsequent plant growth. Make s;ire that your seedbed is not infected. If in doubt, treat it with corrosive sublimate. 

White Mountain Erfurt Cauliflower with background of curled Parsley. 


A good exhibition suggestion 


One ounce of seed pre, 

{Aphtm graveoiens.) Native of Europe. Se ;r - 
tliougkt to be a -wild form of Celer;.-. It zss. pr;ii.i. 
years, if that lo^z. 

Golden Mu~e :? the -e" est ^cru;-::::- t: '/r.t : 
early Celery e • f r - rujez O^r 5t::.-;5 :: -3 . 

standard, both r:. zzjr. "j- r- .ir: 

of all the earlier :^;:r~ . e rrifT s:ri.;- :: r.^-: 



This, however, is 
form more than 300 

:e':e ve it is the best 
-e t : -.-.eir usual 
: r r zr.r zr- 7-fiavored 
;;~ es: :-i.vor of anv 

Golden Plume 

Golden Plume Celery 

~ W onderfui. During the comparati\-eIy 
^pfH short time it has been available, 
it has made a deep impression all who have tried h. Per- 
-.13 5 its almost unanimous recep- 
t:o- on the pvart of the market 
girdeners is due to the fact that 
it ■;'.-U^ mature a week eariio", is 
"-r- -d blanches more easily 
Self-BIanching. It is 
nctly more bl^ht-re- 
in other characteristics it 
er f:n.i'ar, including color and 
- Plume win blanch 

" : r : When ready for 

be handled 
: - : ; n Plume we 

.-.mple of the 
' -: 7 rt of registra- 

; V- V -:v-:i[ names. 

- - . leingsold 

ur.cer six ciderer : ; r-. -^hich is 
ver\- confusing. _ have not 

tried it, be surr : ' ^; e it a 
place in 1926. ; ::ve 

that this varie: _ . ou 

the largest returr. cer i^re >: : any;.' you have ever planted. 
Price, delivered: Pkt.. 50 cts.; 
oz. SI. 75; i-lb. S6.50; lb. S25. 



[PROVES ST_OCK.\ D-.-stoma- 
tu-;:--'. '.1-'. id:- : z-: - red early 
rzz--:z': - '.^-it- ■ - ; d:hn- 

s:- :vt:-.T- - : rigi- Dy '•'i.zz.zziz.. :: r^^^ris. s'ort 
time pre^'iousiy. The plant is 
large, stoctv. and robust and of 
venr fair eat:-.;: r tdtv. e z : not 
consider a : zzy zz- z 
Oierie^ et-^: - zzy zr^ \zt .ate 
-zz-\z'\zz. - i t t anc hrn g, 
he: --r :: zzz/z r; :^:i ring and 
'.:'.^-z.zzz\-.z t- : ir- d^- gained 
z z - 1 d: - - : ^ z di Celery 
^- £ ;c :£r -r£ £ ring the 
Tr :-^d d ur strain 

d^- zzzz. r. : :d r-eat care, 

d - is tried and 
tr - - tvance of its 

\z z - - rt may be 

t--:£ t£ 'z" :issurance 

'z7.s.- -zz - - T - ime and 

up -r _:-u.d tu _ e -dtandard 

re<Tuirement.s. Price, delivered: 
Pkt, 25 cts.; oz. 75 cts.; ^4!^. S3; 
lb. S12. 




to maturity, 120. This variety, 
IS a selection of the green Celery of 





the Golden Self-BIanching type, is now one 
of the most important in the operations 
of the northern market gardener. As with 
many other good things, there are numer- 
ous strains of Easy-B!anching, some of great 
merit and some of very httle importance. 
Our strain of Easy-Blanching is entered under 
the Super-Standard classification, which 
means that we have great confidence in it, 
beheving it to be superior to the average 
commercial run. It's easier to grow, has a 
dehcious flavor and that much desired crisp, 
brittle quahty. Easy-Blanching will mature 
just after Golden Self-B'anching has been 
harvested, and if properly stored will keep 
well into the winter. Price, delivered: Pkt. 
25 cts.; oz. 75 cts.; V^lh. $3; lb. $12. 



Days to maturity, 130. Columbia, introduced by 
Ferry in 1906, is an early-maturing Celery of most 
excellent flavor. The stalks are thick, almost round, 
and in general characteristics very much resemb'e 
Giant Pascal. The leaves are a light green, tinged 
with yellow, and when blanched the heart changes 
from a green-yellow to a light golden yeflow. Its 
time to maturity, as noted, is shghtly later than 
Golden Self-BIanching. We consider Columbia and 
Giant Pascal the two most desirable varieties for 
the table. Our stock is grown for us by the in- 
troducer and can be thoroughly relied upon. Price, 
delivered: Pkt. 10 cts.; oz. 35 cts.; Vilb. $1.25; 
lb. $5. 

Easy-Blanching Celery 

Giant Pascal 


Days to maturity, 150. This variety we consider 
to have the most delightful table quahty. It may 
be classed as a fall or winter Celery. Its medium- 
height stalks are very thick, the upper portion being 
rounded. It blanches to a beautiful yellow-white 
color, is very sohd, crisp, and of a fine nutty flavor. 
There has been a general feehng among Celery 
growers that Pascal was not a variety that could be 
grown successfully commerciafly. We beheve that 
this Frost strain, however, is a definite improvement 
over the original type, aild we highly recommend it 
to afl growers who have a home market. Price, 
delivered: Pkt. 10 cts.; oz. 35 cts.; y4lb. $1.25; 
lb. $5« 

Celeriac, Giant Prague 

Days to maturity, 140. In Celeriac the roots have 
been developed by cultivation. Its culture is very 
similar to Celery. After the roots have obtained a 
diameter of 2 inches they are fit for use. They may 
be stored for winter use in similar manner as carrots, 
beets, etc. Celeriac is a very desirable vegetable and 
deserves wider recognition. It is excellent for soups 
and stews and also as a salad. Plant in rows 2 feet 
apart and set plants 6 inches apart in the row. 
Price delivered: Pkt. 10 cts.; oz. 25 cts.; y^lh, 
75 cts. ; lb. $3. 

Minden, Iowa, February 9, 1925. 
Please send me your latest catalogue. Your seeds are as 
dependable as the sunrise. (Signed) B. R. Bauman. 

Guard Against Celery Blight 

Golden Plume is less subject to blight than some other varieties, but no celery is free from it. Commence 
spraying with a strong solution of Bordeaux Mixture soon after transplanting, repeating the application every 
week during the growing season. When the blight is severe, spray twice a week. The following mixture is 
recommended: 4 lbs. Blue Stone, 4 lbs. Lime in 50 gals, water, applied under at least 250 pounds pressure. 

Schwenksville, Pa., April 22, 1925. 
/ want to express my thanks Jor the flower seeds you sent us. I think your vegetable seeds are not to be beaten. I 
recommend you wherever I can, as I was always pleased with your way oj treating your customers and the quality of 
your seeds. My family calls your Bonny Best Tomatoes, "gold bricks." (Signed) Mrs. Theo. Messerschmidt. 



CilC!Vl-tSC SINCE ia7> 



{Zea mays var. saccharata.) Probably native of Peru. Recent discoveries indicate that it was growing much 
in its present form far back into geological time — perhaps 100,000 years. The first reference to Sweet Corn was 
reported near Plymouth, Mass., as having come from the Susquehanna Indians in 1779. 

One-fourth pound of seed plants 100 hills; 12 pounds plant an acre 

We again limit our Corn varieties to six. The earliest of these is Early Malcolm, a very good variety con- 
sidering its extreme earliness. We recommend it in a restricted way, for it opens the Corn season ten days ahead 
of any other variety we offer. Following Early Malcolm, The New Vanguard will prove very popular. It un- 
doubtedly will make a solid place for itself on account of its extreme earliness. Golden Bantam, maturing one 
week later than The Vanguard, is coming more and more into public favor every year, many districts positively 
refusing to buy anything else. We don't mind admitting that our sales of Bantam have outreached that of all 
other varieties. Double-Barreled Best is no longer listed, for we feel that Sunny Slope Special has defmitely taken 
its place. This Corn will mature in almost parallel time with Golden Bantam. Our strain of Kendel's Early Giant 
continues to be very popular. This is a large-eared white Corn which will prove invaluable except on the very early 
markets. Country Gentleman concludes our list. This Shoe-Peg type is a great favorite on local markets. The 
fact that the ears average only 6 to 7 inches in length has kept this variety from becoming very popular on a large 
commercial scale. We have discontinued listing the large Stowell's Evergreen as we do not consider it a desirable 
table size. In addition to that, it usually matures for the mid-August markets which generally are very unprofitable. 
Of the six varieties offered, any astute Corn-grower can choose one or more which will fit in with his local conditions. 

Early Malcolm 

The great 55-day Sweet Corn from the Far North. 
Of Russian-Canadian origin 

Days to maturity, 55. We were the first to introduce 
this valuable variety in the United States, four years 
ago. One of its parents was Early Malakoff, a Russian 
variety. It is one of the earliest Sweet Corns in exist- 
ence maturing some two weeks ahead of Bantam. Its 
stalk is only 3}^ feet high, and many of our customers 
have been greatly surprised to find that it produces a 
well-filled ear 6 inches in length. By planting in the 
latitude of Philadelphia, May 10, marketable ears are 
ready by July 4. This variety is high in sugar content 
and is delicious to the taste. Vegetable growers who 
cater to home markets are advised to put in part of 
their acreage to Early Malcolm. Experience has shown 
that it is difhcult for it to make a place in large city 
markets which are so often swamped with white Field 
Corn during the early days of the season. The place of 
Early Malcolm may be limited, 
but it has a very definite one, 
for by planting it, it is possible 
to open the corn season two 
weeks earlier. Price, deliv- 
ered: V4lb. 15 cts.; lb. 35 
cts.; 2 lbs. 60 cts.; 5 lbs. 
$1.35; 50 lbs. $12. 

The Vanguard 



Definition: "The troops who march in front of an army; 
the van" 

Days to maturity, 65. This is another origination 
of Mr. A. L. Ritchie, the propagator of Double-Barreled 
Best and Sunny Slope Special, and one of the most 
successful Corn-growers in New Jersey. Air. Ritchie has 
sold Tlie Vanguard locally under the name Earliest 
Ever, but because of the misleading nature of this 
name, we have taken the liberty of renaming this Corn, 
The Vanguard. The fact that this Corn will develop a 
handsome, marketable ear a week in advance of Golden 
Bantam will give it a place of unusual prominence, for 
invariably the early market on Sweet Corn has been a 
very profitable one. With the introduction of this 
variety, we feel that there is no further place for Corn 
of the Early Adams and other field types. Vanguard is 
distinctly a Sweet Corn, developing a beautiful white 
ear of the 12-rowed type and approximately 8 inches in 
length. This seed has been grown in Burlington County, 
New Jersey, and is fully acclimated to the Middle Atlan- 
tic climate. Price, delivered: ^ 

V4lb. 20 cts.; lb. 40 cts.; 2 
lbs. 75 cts.; 5 lbs. 
$1.75; 50 lbs. 


The Vanguard 
Sweet Corn 




Golden Bantam Sweet Corn 

Golden Bantam sA^NDrRD 


Acclimated to the Middle Atlantic States. A true 
type of this very popular variety 

Days to maturity, 70. Year by year we have noted 
the increasing popularity of Golden Bantam. It now 
stands out in the pubHc's mind, perhaps, as the best 
table variety so far developed. This bears out our 
contention that real quahty does count and that the 
consuming pubHc is not so stupid as many vegetable 
growers have assumed. If all Corn sold under the name 
of Sweet Corn were as good as Golden Bantam, we 
predict that the consumption of Corn would double 
over night. Golden Bantam is very high in sugar 
content and possesses a flavor of its own. Incidentally, 
the kernel is more tender than in other varieties. To all 
these points may be added the attractive size of the ear, 
which is much more easily handled at the table than 
such giant ears as Stowell's Evergreen. There are a 
number of crosses of Golden Bantam with larger types, 
but we have resisted the tendency in this direction, 
believing that the 8-rowed type is the most desirable 
from every point of view. We have found that when 
these other factors are introduced, earliness and tender- 
ness are immediately sacrificed. We, therefore, are 
contenting ourselves with an ear 6 to 7 inches in length. 
Our stock is of a deep orange color and high flavor. It 
will be found to be an extremely satisfactory stock from 
all points of view. Price, delivered: Vilh. 15 cts.; 
lb. 35 cts.; 2 lbs. 60 cts.; 5 lbs. $1.35; 50 lbs. $12. 

Country Gentleman 

Days to maturity, 85. This well-known broken-row 
type has been on the market for over thirty years. It 
was developed from the older Shoe-Peg as introduced 
by Johnson & Stokes in 1890. The depth of the grain 
is one of its most desirable characteristics. The ears 
are about 6 inches long. Because of their small cir- 
cumference, however, this variety is grown on a large 
commercial scale only for canning purposes, but for 
gardeners having a home market it is very desirable 
and it will be found in strong demand, for the consuming 
public knows Country Gentleman equally as well as 
Golden Bantam. Price, delivered: Vilb. 15 cts.; lb. 
30 cts.; 2 lbs. 50 cts.; 5 lbs. $1.20; 50 lbs. $10. 

KendeFs Early Giant 

Early and large. Cut 8,000 ears per acre 

Days to maturity, 75. We want to call particular 
attention to our strain of Kendel's Early Giant and to 
its performance this past season. A section of the same 
field from which our seed selection was made was cut for 
market and it averaged 8,000 ears per acre. The New 
Jersey state average is between 5,000 and 6,000 ears 
per acre. A neighboring piece of Howling Mob went 
7,250 ears per acre. Howling Mob is a variety we have 
not listed, and, ordinarily, it is claimed to be a higher 
yielder than Kendel's Early Giant, but in a large field- 
test this year it did not prove so, although it was one 
week earlier. This selection will run 50 per cent double- 
eared; the ear has 14 rows and will average 10 inches. 
This stock is an eight-year selection for size, earliness, 
and uniformity. It should not be confused with ordi- 
nary strains of Kendel's Early Giant, for we consider it 
far superior. It was one week earlier in maturing than 
Double-Barreled Best. Compared to Sunny Slope 
Special, it is about the same, maturing perhaps three 
days later. We feel that it is fully as valuable as Sunny 
Slope and perhaps slightly more uniform. Price, 
delivered: V4lb. 15 cts.; lb. 30 cts.; 2 lbs. 50 cts.; 5 lbs. 
$1.20; 50 lbs. $10. 

Sunny Slope Special (1924) 

A very profitable Corn for truckers 

Days to maturity, 72. Sunny Slope Special is another 
origination of Mr. A. L. Ritchie, the title coming from 
the name of his farm. It has been developed to meet 
the requirement for an early-maturing Corn of good 
table quality and size. Under ordinary conditions, 
Sunny Slope will mature a day or so after Golden 
Bantam, and will equal the well-known Howling Mob, 
a variety with a much smaller ear, and therefore a less 
profitable sort for the basket market. Sunny Slope 
Special will be found to have remarkably thick ears — 
a marked point in its favor where Corn is sold by either 
weight or measure. We do not believe that Sunny Slope 
is the last word in Sweet Corn development, for Corn 
is one of the most pliable of vegetables. We are still 
working on further improvements for earliness, size, 
etc., realizing the value of the early market. Price, 
delivered: V^lb. 15 cts.; lb. 30 cts.; 2 lbs. 50 cts.; 5 lbs. 
$1.20; 50 lbs. $10. 

For Flavor in Sweet Corn. It has been found that the kernel of a grain of Corn is most tender 22 
days after silking It is also higher in sugar content at that time. Study this out for yourself and always remem- 
ber that Corn begins to lose its flavor 20 minutes after cutting. 




One ounce of seed plants 100 hills 

2 pounds plant an acre 

Under culti- 

(Cucumis sativus.) A native probably of the East Indies 
vation from the most remote times — at least 10,000 years. 

Windermoor Wonder 


A very profitable emerald-green Cucumber for greenhouse 

forcing or field cultivation 

Da\-s to maturity, 65. Our Company had the honor of 
introducing this Cucumber in 1917. It is the product of 
a cross between English Telegraph and Davis Perfect, 
and combines the valuable characteristics of both. 
The type achieved is faithfully represented in 
natural colors on this page. Beside its length, whic 
averages fully 12 inches, perhaps its most valu- 
able feature is its brilliant dark green color. In 
place of the usual white stripes at the end, 
\\ indermoor has the most alluring emerald 
green stripes which definitely add to its 
attractiveness. The seed cavity is very 
small, a factor distinctly in its favor as a 
slicing variety, but one which makes 
seed production much more expensive. 
It is the lightest seeding Cucumber 
we know of. 

Windermoor ^^'onde^ finds a 
ready sale on any market. It is 
usually packed in crates rather 
than in baskets, which adds to 
its attractive appearance. We 
have noted several instances 
where Windermoor \\ onder 
brought more than double 
the price paid for the 
shorter varieties. We 
have recently seen sev 
eral splendid crops of 
Wi ndermoor, both 
under greenhouse 
cultivation and in 
the open field. 

on an open 
havina; a hi 

We unhesitatingh" rec- 
ommend it for either 
purpose, feeling that it 
is one of the most profit- 
able varieties that can be 
grown. This is almost the 
first year since we origi- 
nally introduced this Cucum- 
ber that we feel we have an 
dequate supply of seed. We 
deplore the fact that it is ne- 
cessary to ask S5 per pound for 
this variety. Even at that price we 
will make a loss of quite a proportion 
of our stock this year, for, as stated 
above, its seeding qualities are remark- 
bly poor. Don't fail to put in part of 
your crop with Windermoor. Price, deli- 
vered: Pkt. 10 cts.; oz. 35 cts.; V4lb. $1.25; 
lb. $5; 5 lbs. or more; $4.75 per lb. 

^Our Cucumber Seed is 
Chemically Treated 

Our customers have reported exceptional results from 
all our cucumber seed this past season. Part of this suc- 
cess is no doubt due to the chemical treatment which all 
of our cucumber seed was subiected to. There seems to be 
little question but that a much stronger stand as well as a 
more vigorous and productive crop has resulted. We, therefore, 
have decided again to treat all of our cucumber seed. The same 
results occurred with muskmelon which will be likewise treated. 
Apparently when seed is thus freed from its manv enemy diseases, 
it attains much freer growth. Our customers will find very interesting- 
comparisons between treated seed and untreated seed. 

Indoor Cucumbers Should Be Pollinated by Bees 

difficult to try to grow Cucumbers in the greenhouse without supplying 
cans of artificial fertilization. We recommend a hive of honey-bees for 
ineal feet. Place this hive on the outside of the house so that it fronts 
pane of glass. If your house is over 200 feet long, we would advise 
near each end, on opposite sides of the house. 

Early Fortune Cucumber 




Days to maturity, 60. Experience has shown us that color in a Cucumber is one of its most important 
factors. Early Fortune is one of the best White Spine types. Its fruits will average 8 to 9 inches in length 
and the color is almost comparable to the rich emerald-green of Windermoor Wonder. It tapers shghtly at 
the ends, as indicated in the photograph. Our old customers know this Cucumber under the name of Hybrid 
White Spine, which for some time has been a synonym for Early Fortune. To those who do not know this 
variety, we can say that we consider it the best of its class. Price, delivered: Pkt. 10 cts. ; oz. 15 cts. ; V4It). 
35 cts.; lb. $1.40; 5 lbs. or more, $1.25 per lb. 

.CO"'*"^ . 

Early Fortune Cucumber 

Improved Long Green 

Days to maturity, 75. Our Cucumber list was never comp ete without this variety — a very vigorous, 
productive. Black Spine type, developing fruits fully 12 inches long when matured, uniformly slender and 
of a rich dark green color. The warts and spines are well distributed over the surface, which is not the case 
with inferior stocks. Generally speaking, the variety develops rather late. Improved Long Green is not 
recommended for greenhouse purposes, but will be found one of the most profitable for field cultivation. 
The small fruits are often used for sweet pickles while the fully matured fruits will find a profitable sale on 
any market. Price, delivered: Pkt. 10 cts.; oz. 20 cts.; Vilb. 40 cts.; lb. $1.60; 5 lbs. or more, $1.50 per lb. 

Snow's Chicago Pickle 

Days to maturity, 55. We consider this the best of the pickling Cucumbers. It has a rich dark green 
color, is uniformly cylindrical in shape, and is early maturing. With careful cultivation and the usual spray- 
ing of Bordeaux Mixture, this variety should have a picking from midsummer until frost. As a pickhng type 
which is perfectly formed, of miniature size, rather coarsely spined, crisp and of excellent quality. Snow's 
Chicago Pickle is recommended for all general purposes. We believe it is very much superior to the old 
Green Prolific or Boston Pickling which we have carried for a number of years. Price, delivered: Pkt. 10 cts., 
oz. 15 cts.; V4lb. 40 cts.; lb. $1.40; 5 lbs. or more, $1.25 per lb. 

Brussels Sprouts 

CAMBRIDGE CHAMPION (Extra Select). Days to 
maturity, 125. Four ounces plant an acre. The 
stalk of this variety grows about 2 feet high, bearing 
a generous supply of firm, well-rounded Sprouts. In 
the fall, break down the lower leaves and let the 
small Sprouts properly develop. A great delicacy 
which is finding a broader market every season. Price, 
delivered: Pkt. 10 cts.; oz. 40 cts.; V^lh. $1.25. 


DWARF CURLED SCOTCH. Days to maturity, 55. 
One pound plants an acre. In quality this is the best 
Kale under cultivation. It is extensively grown for 
the large eastern markets. Our stock is beautifully 
curled, low growing, spreading, and remarkably 
hardy. Price, delivered: Pkt. 10 cts.; oz. 15 cts.; 
y4lb. 30 cts.; lb. $1; 5 lbs. or more, 90 cts. per lb. 


WITLOOF. Time for maturity of roots, 4 months. 
Also known as French Endive. This makes a very 
desirable salad. Plant seed in May or June. Dig 
roots in October. Place them horizontally in warm 
vegetable cellar. Within three or four weeks tender 
white stalks will develop. Cutting season lasts over 
several weeks. Price, delivered: Pkt. 10 cts.; 
02. 30 cts.; y4lb. $1; lb. $3.50. 


BROAD-LEAVED. Time for maturity, one year. This 
variety is far superior to the common or uncultivated 
Dandelion. It has a broad, thick leaf which is of a 
deep green color. It is compact and tufted at the 
center. Price, delivered: Pkt. 10 cts.; oz. 50 cts.; 
y4lb. $2; lb. $8. 

VlllA Prnn Pnamioc Cucumbers, melons, squashes, etc., are subject to a number of insect and disease enemies. The 
V lllc V^rup l^llcllllcd. fij-st of these is the Aphid or Green Plant-Lice which feed on the under side of young leaves. For 
control, spray with nicotine sulphate, ^pint in 100 gallons of water, with 5 pounds of soap added. Sprayer must be fitted with an 
upturn nozzle. The Striped Cucumber Beetle is dangerous because it not only eats the young vines, but it also spreads bacterial 
disease known as wilt. Control: Spray carefully with Bordeaux Mixture and Arsenate of Lead, keeping the plants constantly 
covered thereafter and promptly destroying any diseased plants. Downy Mildew or Blight is the most serious fungous disease of 
Cucumbers and melons. The leaves become mottled, yellow, and later dry up. For control : A Bordeaux Mixture of 5 pounds 
copper sulphate, 5 pounds lime in 50 gallons of water should be applied every week or ten days with no let-up throughout the entire 






BLACK BEAUTY. Days to maturity, 125. This is the 
most desirable variety for cultivation in the Middle 
Atlantic States; very prolific, bearing brilliant purple- 
black fruits, almost egg-shaped, and averaging 8 
inches. Eggplant suffers severely from fungous 
diseases, and, so far, no blight-resistant strain has 
been developed. Regular spraying with Bordeaux will 
partially control this. Moisture conservation is impor- 
tant. Price, delivered: Pkt. 10 cts.; oz. 45 cts.; V^lb. 
$1.50; lb. $5. 


GREEN CURLED. Days to maturity, 100. Sometimes 
called Mammoth Green Curled. The rosette head 
will average 15 inches across. It is of a rich dark 
green color and is finely cut and divided. The center 
blanches easily to a rich yellow gold. Price, de- 
livered: Pkt. 10 cts.; oz. 20 cts.; V^b. 40 cts.; 
lb. $1.25; 5 lbs. or more, $1.15 per lb. 

to maturity, 100. This variety has smaller heads 
than the Green Curled. The leaves are coarser and 
more or less twisted and although toothed at the 
edges are not as finely cut as our other variety. It is 
a variety which is easily blanched if tied. The inner 
leaves are extremely tender and crisp, making a de- 
licious salad. Price, delivered : Pkt. 10 cts. ; oz. 20 cts. ; 
y4lb. 40 cts.; lb. $1.25; 5 lbs. or more, $1.15 per lb. 

Black Beauty 


DILL. An annual growing to a height of 2}/2 feet. The 
flowers are bright yellow. The dried seeds are used 
as a condiment and also for pickling and flavoring. 
Price, delivered: Pkt. lOcts.; oz. 15 cts.: VAh.lS cts.: 
lb. 75 cts. 

herb usually planted in permanent beds. The seed 
is sown in the early spring. The leaves and young 
shoots are used for seasoning, either while green or 
when dried. Price, delivered: Pkt. 10 cts.; oz. 50c.: 
y4lb. $1.70; lb. $6. 


EARLY WHITE VIENNA. Days to maturity, 50. Four 
pounds plant an acre. This is the most desirable 
variety for extra-early forcing or for field cultivation. 
It has small tops and the bulbs are of the best quality, 
being of a very light green-white color. Best when 2 
inches in diameter. White Vienna is considerably 
earlier than Purple Vienna or Large Green. Price, 
delivered: Pkt. 10 cts.; oz. 20 cts.; Vilb. 60 cts.; 
lb. $2; 5 lbs. or more, $1.75 per lb. 


MONSTROUS CARENTAN. Four pounds plant an 
acre. This is the largest variety of Leek, which may 
be classed as a desirable fall or winter substitute for 
green onion. Carentan grows to a diameter of from 
2 to 3 inches. The quality is mild and tender. For 
the development of white, tender transparent Leek, 
gradually earth up like Celery. Makes a very 
valuable flavoring for soup or may be boiled and 
served as asparagus. Price, delivered: Pkt. 10 cts.; 
oz. 20 cts.; i/4lb. 60 cts.; lb. $2. 

pounds plant an acre. This is a very productive and 
very early Okra, developing deep green, short pods 
somewhat corrugated, tender, and of delicious 
quality. Price, delivered: Pkt. 10 cts.; oz. 15 cts.; 
y4lb. 25 cts.; lb. 75 cts.; 5 lbs. or more, 70 cts. 
per lb. 







Green-Leaved Big Boston Lettuce 


[PROVEN STOCK.] Days to maturity, 75. This strain is the result of very careful personal selection, and must 
in no way be confused with the ordinary strains of Unrivaled, etc. Green-leaved Big Boston Lettuce was intro- 
duced as such by us in 1916, and it proved at once to be profitable and popular. It is very similar to Big Boston in 
all but one of its general characteristics, and therein lies its great advantage — it does not have the usual red tinge 
on the edge of the leaves. The time required for its maturity is slightly less than that for Big Boston. Its heads 
are large, uniform, and of brilliant green color. They will hold two weeks before shooting to seed. In offering this 
strain of Lettuce, we do so, sincerely believing it is as near perfect as any Lettuce we have ever had under our 
observation. Color of seed, white. Price, delivered: Pkt. 10c. ; oz.20c.; Vilb.SOc; lb. $1.75; 5 lbs. or more, $1.50 per lb. 

Grand Rapids 


[PROVEN STOCK.] Days to maturity, 69. We con- 
sider this to be one of the most valuable strains of 
Grand Rapids Lettuce, either for indoor forcing or field 
cultivation. We realize that this is an important green- 
house crop and are taking no chances. All of the seed 
we offer was grown in 1924 and has been given thorough 
trials. Forms a loosely rounded cluster of leaves, 
blistered and slightly twisted, very thick and heavy 
with coarse veins, very light green, never spotted or 
brownish. Table quality not so good as Simpson or 
Salamander. Seeds black, slow to germinate. Price, 
delivered: Pkt. 10 cts.; oz. 20 cts.; Vilb. 40 cts.; 
lb. $1.50; 5 lbs. or more, $1.40 per lb. 

Black-Seeded Simpson. °Tity,Ta 

This is one of the most desirable loose-leaved varieties 
of Lettuce. The leaves are very much blistered, 
crumpled, and twisted, with large midribs. The color 
is very light green, never spotted or brownish. The 
table quality is excellent. Color of seed black. Price, 
delivered: Pkt. 10 cts.; oz. 20 cts.; Vilb. 40 cts.; lb. 
$1.50; 5 lbs. or more, $1.40 per lb. 

New York or Wonderful. S^fuVy! 

85. This variety has achieved great popularity during 
the past five seasons. It is now the standard shipping 
lettuce in the country from important points such as 
the Imperial Valley and Rocky Mountain points. It 
is also an important variety for late maturity in the 
east as it resists heat and develops large white heads 
almost resembling cabbage in their solidity. Consider- 
ing their size and texture the quality is very fair. Price, 
delivered : Pkt. 10 cts. ; oz. 20 cts. ; i/4lb. 75 cts. ; lb. $2.50; 
5 lbs. or more, $2.35 per lb. 

Big Boston stI"n^.Trd 

[PROVEN STOCK.] Days to maturity, 78. In our 
Super-Standard strain we offer a stock of seed against 
which we challenge comparison to any stocks that are 
available. Big Boston is a white-seeded, cabbage- 
heading Lettuce of the butter type, medium large, 
globular, medium light green, with slight tinge of 
brown on margin of outer leaves. It is early and hardy 
and stands long-distance shipping. The head itself is 
brittle, buttery, and the interior almost golden yellow. 
The mature plant will form a compact, well-defined 
hard head. Price, delivered: Pkt. 10 cts.; oz. 20 cts.; 
V4lb. 50 cts.; lb. $1.75; 5 lbs. or more, $1.50 per lb. 

Q«^1r>«-.^«^«->JI (Synonvms : Black-seeded Ten- 

Oaiamanaer. nls B H, All-Year-Round, 

Bloomsdale Butter, Sensatir n, etc.) Days to maturity, 
7L Grown in America for 115 years. It is a butter va- 
riety, strictly cabbage heading, large to medium in 
size, early-intermediate in season, standing well before 
shooting to seed. Head light green, but not spotted or 
brownish. The quality is excellent. Price, delivered: 
Pkt. 10 cts.; oz. 20 cts.; V4lb. 40 cts.; lb. $1.50; 5 lbs. 
or more, $1.40 per lb. 

One -fourth ounce sows 100 
feet of drill; 3 pounds an acre. 

Days to maturity, 82. We believe this to be the 
best strain of the most satisfactory Cos variety. Its 
uniformity of type may be unquestioned by the most 
particular growers. The Trianon forms a compact, 
blanched, firm head, round at the top. Color very dark 
green on the outside but well blanched on the inside. 
Exceedingly crisp and sweet. Price, delivered : Pkt. 
10 cts.; oz. 20 cts.; i^lb. 40 cts.; lb. $1.50; 5 lbs. or 
more, $1.40 per lb. 

Big Boston 

Trianon Cos, 





The Bender Muskmelon 


Days to maturity, 90. The Bender, up to this time, has been a New York State melon. Developed by Mr. 
Bender, a market gardener near Schenectady, N. Y., from the old Bender Surprise, it is now grown by perhaps 90 
per cent of the commercial growers in that state. The Bender is a large, round melon, averaging 10 inches in 
diameter. Because of its size there is a natural tendency to give the individual melons more care than is the case 
with the smaller basket melons. Its highly flavored, deep orange flesh is of very fine texture and has come to be 
looked upon by melon-buyers as one of the most reliable on the market. When well-grown and properly harvested 
and cared for, it is consistently delicious. The fact that the melon is ten-lobed makes it very convenient for hotels 
and restaurants to sell in individual slices. Well-grown Benders retail at from 30 to 40 cents each; restaurants 
usually ask 15 to 25 cents for each of the ten portions. On this basis it is profitable all around. The Bender is 
usually planted under glass, in pots or in bands, and transplanted. The seed is planted about May 25, and the 
melons are ready about August 20, exact dates depending on seasonal conditions. Conscientious melon-growers 
now know that it does not pav to pick melons from dead or diseased vines, for the flavor is entirelv gone from them. 
Don't fail to give it a trial. Price, delivered: Pkt. 10 cts.; oz. 20 cts.; V^lb. 50 cts.; lb. $2; 5 lbs. or more, $1.85 
per lb. 


Stokes Sugar Sweet 

Days to maturity, 95. Also known as Early Knight, 
Tvlaryland, Sweet Air, etc. W e believe this is the most 
satisfactory of the green-fleshed melons now available, 
when properly grown. Sugar Sweet is a melon about 7 
inches in diameter, well netted, and very productive. On 
the Philadelphia markets, the Sugar Sweet type shares 
an almost equal popularity with Fordhook. It is highly 
recommended for any grower desiring a melon of the 
green-fleshed tvpe. Price, delivered: Pkt. 10 cts.; oz. 
20 cts. ; 1 4lb. 45 cts. ; lb. $1.50 ; 5 lbs. or more, $1.40 per lb. 

The Fordhook 

Days to maturity, 95. This orange-fleshed melon 
has now been on the market about sixteen years and is 
well known to the truckers of the Middle Atlantic 
States. It is not a large melon, averaging but 5^0 
inches across and 3^0 inches deep. This is distinctly a 
basket melon and when well-grown from selected seed 
will prove profitable to the grower and a delight to 
the consumer for it is highlv flavored. Price, delivered: 
Pkt. 10 cts.; oz. 15 cts.^ i^lb. 35 cts.; lb. $1.25; 5 lbs. 
or more, $1.15 per lb. 

earts of ^ v-^^fc^^a^. 

T T -■ n. L f i-. r-vf r-AA A highly rust-resistant and 
neariS OI VjOia very profitable Melon 

Days to maturity, 95. This highly flavored Cantaloupe was developed by the late Roland Morrill, a famous 
Michigan melon-grower. It is called, by some. Improved Hoodoo, but was considered entirely distinct by Mr. 
Morrill, who claimed that it is the result of an accidental cross between Osage and Netted Gem. It combines the 
thick, golden flesh of the Osage with the heavy netting and thin rind of the Netted Gem type of Rocky Ford. It is 
about 25 per cent larger than the standard Rocky Ford type. One of the strongest features which we claim for 
Hearts of Gold is its very high rust-resistant quality. In our trial-ground this past season it showed far greater 
resistance than any other variety, and this has been the experience of many others. It is also remarkably hardy 
and withstands heavier frosts than other varieties. From the standpoint of flavor it is among the most delightful 
ever produced. As a commercial melon, especially for home markets — private homes and hotels — we most en- 
thusiastically recommend Hearts of Gold. With proper cultivation it should maintain a picking season for from 
four to eight weeks. We thoroughly recommend it as a melon which should have a prominent place in the Middle 
Atlantic States. Price, delivered: Pkt. 10 cts.; oz. 20 cts.; V^lb. 40 cts.; lb. $1.50; 5 lbs. or more, $1.40 per lb. 

Muskmelons for the Roadside Market 

Many melon growers who sell their own product by the roadside utterly fail in their opportunity by oflPering 
Muskmelons of little or no flavor. This often overlooked matter of flavor is of greater importance with Musk- 
melons than with almost any other vegetable. Inc.dentally, it is a factor that can usually be controlled. We take 
this space to mention the two or three important points which must not be overlooked. In the first place, the variety 
must be considered. The four varieties in our restricted list are all of reasonably high flavor when properly grown. 
Muskmelons require sweet soil — sandy loam is preferable. If your soil has a tendency to be at ?II sour, give it an 
application of lime, as you would for beets, carrots, or lettuce. Apply 125 to 150 pounds of potash and 160 pounds 
or more of phosphoric acid per acre. Keep the vines healthy and green by an application of Bordeaux Mixture 
about once a week. Begin these applications before there is any sign of blight. 

Half the battle for flavor in Muskmelons is in keeping the disease away from your vines. A Muskmelon taken 
from a dead vine positively is not worth eating, even though it may look to be in perfect condition. As far as pos- 
sible, let your melons ripen on the stem. As in most crops, we recommend a rotation. You may find it laborious and 
a little expensive to keep the flavor in your melons, but you will be fully repaid in the good-will of your customers. 


One-half ounce of seed plants 100 feet of row; 
4 pounds plant an acre 

(Allium Cepa.) Nath-e of v.-estem Asia. One of tKe vegetables whiich has been under cultivation from the 
most remote times. 

Our Position in the Onion Seed Shortage 

Many of our customers have, no doubt, already heard of the near failure of the Onion seed crop in both the 
East and West, pxerhaps the most serious in the history of the trade. In a situation of this kind there are always 
two undesirable features: First, the immediate sky-rocketing of prices, and, second, the indiscriminate offering of 
amthing that even looks like Onion seed. Our firm is not adequately covered in any sense. W e have a small 
supply of Prizetaker and of Ebenezer, or Japanese. These we offer in ver\.- limited quantities at prices which at this 
time we consider reasonable. We feel sure that our supply is ver>- inadequate to meet our demand. Under the 
circumstances, we believe that it is more fair to our customers to restrict ourselves to this small allowance of seed, 
which we have reason to believe is up to our usual standard, rather than shop around for seed of unknown origin, 
germination, and performance. That there -wtII be a vast amount of Onion seed of low germination on the market 
is ven.' apparent. Our firm has already received an offer of over 6,000 pounds of seed of practically zero germination, 
^luch seed of European origin "wtII also be offered. Some of this, under proper conditions, may bulb up satis- 
factorily, but we don't want our customers to take this risk at our hands. We prefer to forego a possible profit 
on that kind of seed rather than be the direct cause of a loss to any of our customers. 

In these circumstances, we advise extreme caution on the part of our cu.stomers. We urge you to cover your 
requirements as early as possible and to buy -with the utmost care, for we feel that there -will be regrets before the 
next Onion crop is gathered. We do not handle Onion sets and are not in position to do so, but, fortunately, the 
Onion-set crop appears to be a normal one, and that will relieve the situation to some extent. Of the tw o varieties 
we offer, Prizetaker is the larger but is not suitable for muck-land cultivation as it will not make solid bulbs under 
muck conditions. Ebenezer, or Japanese, is more of the Yellow Danvers t\-pe and will prove a good substitute. 
In any case, please do not look to us to supply quantities of either variety exceeding 2 pounds. 



Mammoth Yellow Prizetaker ^"sj-'i: w- " 

Days to maturity, 110. Except on muck soils, which have a tendencv to produce a soft bulb, Prizetaker, in the 
present Onion shortage, may be considered a ven," valuable variety. This sort was introduced back in 1887 by 
Johnson &: Stokes as Spanish King Prizetaker. At that time it was of European origin. \\ hen fully matured this 
variety will normally reach a diameter of 4 inches, and, under special cultivation, will weigh as much as 5 pounds. 
For fall and early winter use, it is highly recommended. The color of the outside skin is a rich yellow while the 

inside flesh is white, mild, and sweet. As a winter keeper it may be classed 
with the Southport t\-pes which we are unable to offer this season. Two 
jxjunds is the maximum we can offer to anv one person this year. Price, 
delivered: Pkt. 15 cts.; oz. 50 cts.; V4lb. $2; lb. $7.50. 

Mammoth Yellow 

Ebenezer, or Japanese — ^ 

Days to maturity-, 98. In the present shortage, we offer this \ ariety as a good substitute for Danvers. It is, 
perhaps, slightly flatter than that sort. Its excellent keeping qualities are in its favor, the bulb being remarkably 
firm and solid, the quality being mild and tender. This Onion has had a renewal of life under its renaming of 
Japanese five years ago. The variety, however, has been known in western New York under the name of Ebenezer 
for a number of years. Our present supply is extremelv limited. Price, delivered: Pkt. 10 cts.; oz. 40 cts.; Vi^b. 
SI. 50; lb. $6. 






One ounce will plant 100 hills; 
4 pounds plant an acre 

{Cucurbita Pepo.) Probably native of tropical America. Under cultivation less than 1,000 year 

Winter Luxury. S^.^s'^:' „Su^r''oa 

The tender quality of this Pumpkin makes it highly 
desirable for pie purposes. It is not grown on a large 
scale commercially, however, averaging only about 1 
foot in diameter. Price, delivered: Pkt. 10 cts.; oz. 
20 cts.; y4lb. 40 cts.; lb. $1.25; 5 lbs. or more, $1.15 
per lb. 

Kentucky Field, Says 


_ to maturity, 120. 

This is the standard field Pumpkin. Especially good 
for stock-feeding, although it is also used for pie pur- 
poses to some extent. The fruits are elongated and of 
a golden color. Flesh is light yellow. It is a good 
keeper. Price, delivered: Pkt. 10 cts.; oz. 15 cts.; 
y4lb. 30 cts.; lb. $1; 5 lbs. or more, 90 cts. per lb. 


One ounce will plant 25 hills; 
4 pounds plant an acre 

{Cucurbita maxima.) Cucurbita maxima, the Winter Squash, is native to tropical America; Cucurbita Fepo, 
the Summer Squash, to the more temperate climates of America. The name "squash" and "pumpkin" are 
loosely used interchangeably, either variety being used in making the so-called "pumpkin pie." 

Golden Summer Crookneck. 

Days to maturity, 55. The most desirable of the Sum- 
mer Squashes. About 15 inches in length, when mature; 
rich golden yellow, thickly warted, and of the Crookneck 
type. Well known to the consuming public and will 
ordinarily find very ready sale. Price, delivered: Pkt. 
10 cts.; oz. 15 cts.; V4lb. 35 cts.; lb. $1.25. 

C^r\nf\'7f^Wvk Days to maturity, 60. Also known 
^UCUZClld.* as Italian Vegetable Marrow. This 
Squash attains a length of about 12 inches and a 
diameter of about 5 inches. It is best for table use 
when 6 to 8 inches long. The color is a beautifully 
mottled dark green on yellow. When sliced and fried 
in oil, is extremely palatable. Price, delivered: Pkt. 
10 cts.; oz. 15 cts.; V^b. 35 cts.; lb. $1.25. 

White Bush Scallop. PuS- 

Boston Marrow. 

to ma- 
inty, 55. A 

quick-growing summer variety, averaging from 8 to 10 
inches in diameter. Sometimes known as "Patty Pan." 
Color cream-white. Price, delivered: Pkt. 10 cts.; 
oz. 15c.; y4lb. 30c.; lb. $1; 5 lbs. or more, 90c. per lb. 

Days to maturity, 100. 
This Winter Squash is 
more important than all other varieties for commercial 
purposes. Its good qualities are well known to the 
canners and large pie-bakers, and there is almost in- 
variably a good market for it. Its color is a rich bright 
orange and it is oval in shape. Its cultivation is very 
simple. We highly recommend it for all general pur- 
poses. Price, delivered Pkt. 10 cts.; oz. 15 cts.; V4lb. 
30 cts.; lb. $1; 5 lbs. or more, 90 cts. per lb. 

SALSIFY, Mammoth Sandwich Island 

Days to maturity, 150. The seed of this standard variety should be sown in the early spring, thinning to 
4 inches apart in the row. The roots should stay in the ground until late fall or through the winter, if desired. 

If stored, put in a cool, moist place. 

One ounce plants 100 feet of drill; 
2 pounds plant V4acre 

{Tragopogon por- 
rifolius.) Native of 
the Mediterranean 
region. Under culti- 
vation about 1,000 

As a root plant, it is very desirable 
when properly served with a 
cream dressing. The flavor of 
Salsify is similar to Oysters, 
and thus its synonym. Oyster 
Plant. Price, delivered: Pkt. 
10 cts.; oz. 20 cts.; y4lb. 

60 cts.; lb. $2.25. 

PAR P One-fourth ounce of seed plants 100 feet of drill; 

1 v»Jl 111 3 pounds plant an acre 

{Pastinaca sativa.) Native of Europe. Under cultivation 2,000 years. 

Hollow Crown 

Days to maturity, 130. This variety has been grown in America for over 
sixty years and is the one in general use for both table purposes and stock- 
feeding. The root will attain a length of from 8 to 10 inches. Color is pure white, 
uniformly smooth, and of good quality. The name is derived from the depression 
out of which the leaves grow at the crown of the root. For the best results, care 
should be taken in the preparation of the soil so that it is loosened to a depth of 
at least 10 inches. The Parsnip, as a vegetable, was well-known to the Romans. 
Pliny gives a detailed account of how they were brought from Germany by the 
Emperor Tiberius, and even in that time, those from the Rhine Valley were 
considered very superior. The use of Parsnips in this country is not very 
universal. Our stock of Hollow Crown will prove a very satisfactory one. It 
should be remembered that Parsnips never have the right flavor until after the 
first hard frost. Price, delivered: Pkt. 10 cts.; oz. 15 cts.; V^lb. 30 cts.; lb. $1; 
5 lbs. or more, 90 cts. per lb. 


One-fourth ounce of seed plants 100 feet of drill; 3 pounds plant an acre 

Parsley succeeds well on rich, mellow soil. The seed is slow in germinating 
and we recommend early spring sowing. After the plant has reached a height 
of about 3 inches, the leaves should be cut ofT. This practice starts a new leaf- 
growth which is brighter and more finely curled than the first growth. Sub- 
sequent cuttings will improve as the season advances. 

Champion Moss Curled 

Days to maturity, 60. Curled Parsley has been grown in this country from 
the earliest Colonial days. It is a native, probably, of the Island of Sardinia. 
In the ancient days. Parsley was invariably served at funeral feasts but the 
modern uses are for flavoring soup and stews and for garnishing. The leaves 
may be dried crisp, rubbed to a powder, and bottled until needed. Champion 
Moss Curled is a rich dark green, very finely curled, and is one of the best of 
its class. It will grow to a height of about 6 inches. Because of the above 
characteristics it is the popular sort among market gardeners. Price, delivered: 
Pkt. 10 cts.; oz. 15 cts.; V4lb. 30 cts.; lb. $1 ; 5 lbs. or more, 90 cts. per lb. 

Hamburg Turnip-Rooted 

Days to ntaturity, 90. Both the root and the leaves of this variety are used 
to advantage. The root resembles the rooted parsnip in color and shape, 
although usually not as heavy, and may be stored for winter use. The leaves are 
very similar to plain Parsley and are especiallv good for flavoring, being much more desirable for this purpose 
than the curled type. Price, delivered: Pkt. 10c. ; oz. 20 cts.; y4lb. 40c.; lb. $1.25; 5 lbs. or more, $1.15 per lb. 

Hollow Crown 


Moss Curled 

Parsley in row 


CRo^iisc srscE :sr) 



One ounce produces 2,500 plants; 
4 ounces for an acre of plants 

SchelFs Quality 




Very large, very prolific, very quick to color 

Days to maturity, 120. Again, through the 
courtesy of Mr. Walter S. Schell, we are able to 
offer this ^ery valuable sweet Pepper to our cus- 
tomers. This remarkable variety combines in a 
very unusual way, ea.rly maturity with quick color- 
ing and unusually large size. It is a very desirable 
table quality, and, perhaps, what is most striking, 
is its unusually heavy yield. Year after year, market 
gardeners who have grown it have been amazed at 
its productiveness. The early Pepper usually 
brings the most substantial profits. Individual 
plants have been known to produce as high as 75 
fruits. The historj^ of this Pepper is not clearly 
known, but apparently it was brought to Penn- 
sylvania several years' ago by a German physician 
who grew it for a number of seasons before it was 
found b}^ Mr. Schell, who introduced it in 1912. 
Since that time it has had wide notice and has shown 
strong profits for those who planted it. If you do 
not know it, be sure to give it a trial this season. 
You will not be disappointed. Price, delivered: 
Pkt. 15 cts.; oz. 75 cts,; ^Ih. $2.50; lb. $10. 

World-Beater Pepper 


Daj^s to maturity, 140. As we under- 
stand it, this sweet Pepper is a selection 
from the older Ruby King. Just as Schell's 
Quality Pepper is valued for the earlier 
market, we consider World Beater equally 
valuable as a later type. World Beater 
is as early as Ruby King and is nearly as 
large as Chinese Giant, a variety we have 
discarded because of its low yielding quali- 
ties. World Beater has a thick wall which 
enables it to hold a long time after ripen- 
ing, also making it an excellent shipper. 
Twenty or more fruits have often been 
found on a single plant. These fruits are 
sometimes twice the size of Schell's 
Quality. A combination of these two 
varieties should prove extremely profitable 
in anv farming operation. Price, delivered : 
Pkt. 10 cts.; oz. 30 cts.; y4lb. $1 ; lb. $4. 

Sussex, N. J., June 5, 1925 
/ was much pleased with the small order I received I 
from you a Jew days ago. This was one oj several \ 
little orders that I sent to "new people" — firms I bad- 
never dealt with — just to see what they would supply . . . 

You were the most prompt oj the lot. Your seeds 
were put up nice in generous-sized packets, and, above 
all, they were very nice, clean, jresb-looking seeds. I 
have grown vegetables for years, but I think the Golden 
Bantam Corn you sent me was the nicest Bantam Seed 
Corn I have ever had. Another year, I think you will 
bear Jrom me with a much larger order. — J. C. Ayers. 

World-B eater 


The Marchioness Peas 

13117 A C! One pound of seed plants 100 feet of drill; 100 pounds of the dwarf 
r varieties, or 50 pounds of the tall varieties, plant an acre 

tivum. Ot uncertain origin, but probably a native of central Europe or the mountains of central 
have been cultivated by man from a very remote period — probably 10,000 years. 

^ , Pedigree Extra-Early 

Days to maturity, 50. This variety, also known as First and Best, 
Morning Star, etc., has been offered in this countn.' for over one hundred 
years. The modem typ^ has been considerably improved upon. We 
offer it in preference to .\iaska, which is two or three days earlier, because 
of its larger pod, higher sugar content, and more prolific bearing quali- 
ties. These feartures make it a more desirable variety for the general 
planter. In quality. Pedigree Extra-Early when gathered young in the 
early spring is hardly surpassed. This variety does not need brushing as 
the vines only grow to a height of 20 inches. The pods average 2^0 
inches. The drv seed is small, smooth, vellowish white. Price, delivered: 
141b. 15 cts.; lb. 35 cts.; 2 lbs. 60 cts.; 5 lbs. Si. 40; 50 lbs. S12. 

The Marchioness 

Days to maturity, 56. World's Record is a synonym for this variety. 
?vIarchioness resembles Gradus, but is earlier and much more productrv e. 
Because of these points of superiority, we have eliminated the time- 
honored Gradus from our list. The \"ine of Marchioness is 6 inches 
shorter and the Peas will be ready for market four to five days earlier. 
The pods are nearly 4 inches long, quite broad, pointed, and well filled. 
The dry seed is of a fresh green color which indicates rich flavor. We 
particularlv recommend this varietv because of its delicious quality. 
Price, delivered: 141b. 15 cts.; lb. 40 cts.; 2 lbs. 75 cts.; 5 lbs. Si. 75; 
50 lbs. S14. 

Little Marvel 

Little Marvel 

Days to maturrtA", 60. An excellent dwarf sort for the market or home- 
garden, gro\^-ing but 15 inches high, and no brushing is necessary. Marv el 
resembles Xott's Excelsior in the habit of growth and quality. The pods 
are considerably longer 3 inches . and often produced in pairs. They are 
straight and slightly broader than Nott's Excelsior, but not so broad as 
Sutton's Excelsior. The seed is larse. green. ?nd wrinkled. Price, 
deUvered: 15 cts.; lb. 35 cts.; 2 lbs. 60 cts.; 5 lbs. $1.40; 50 lbs. S12. 






Days to maturity, 57. This is the largest-podded of 
the dwarf wrinkled sorts. The dark green pods are 
much like Gradus in shape, of splendid quality, nearly 
as large, and very often mature earlier. Laxtonian is a 
very productive sort, producing pods about 4 inches in 
length. The vines are vigorous but dwarf, seldom over 
18 inches high. Brushing is not necessary. Seed is 
light green, large, wrinkled and irregular in shape. 
Price, delivered: y4lb. 15 cts.; lb. 40 cts.; 2 lbs. 75 cts.; 
5 lbs. $1.75; 50 lbs. $14. 

Admiral Beatty Peas 

Laxtonian Peas """^^^ 

Thomas Laxton 

Days to maturity, 57. A variety originated in 
England by Thomas Laxton, of Bedford, a noted 
English horticulturist. This Pea is slightly earlier than 
Gradus and a more abundant yieider. The pods re- 
semble Gradus in shape, excepting that they are blunt- 
ended, attain a length of 3}^^ inches, are straight, in- 
clined toward roundness, and are well filled. Vines grow 
to a height of Ho feet. The seed is large, wrinkled, 
cream color, blended with pale green. Price, delivered: 
V4lb. 15 cts.; lb. 35 cts.; 2 lbs. 60 cts.; 5 lbs. $1.40; 
50 lbs. $12. 

Admiral Beatty 

Days to maturity, 70. This comparatively new 
English variety is offered to our trade in place of the 
older Telephone. Admiral Beatty has been described as 
the Improved Duke of Albany, a pea of the Telephone 
type, but with darker foliage and pods. The vines of 
Admiral Beatty grow to nearly 4 feet and must be 
brushed for the best results. The long green pods 
sometimes reach a length of 5 inches and contain from 
eight to ten Peas of the most delicious quality. For a 
main or late season sort, we recommend Admiral 
Beatty. Price, delivered: 15 cts.; lb. 40 cts.; 

2 lbs. 75 cts.; 5 lbs. $1.75; 50 lbs. $14. 

Sioux Falls, S. Dak., June 14, 1925 
Received my melon seed in fine shape. It is the very 
best seed I ever planted. I have lO acres of melons this 
year, and your seed beat all the rest. It came up quicker, 
made much larger plants, and a perfect stand. I certainly 
will buy all my seed from you after this. — H. M. Fisk. 


Early Scarlet Globe Radish 


Days to maturity, 25. The natural color photograph on this page is representative of our Super-Standard 
strain of Early Scarlet Globe Radish. It is true that Radish seed is an item that is sometimes offered at a remarkably 
low figure, and to the price-minded buyer we would point out that the stock offered herewith is costing us three 

times more than we 
would have to pay for 
ordinary seed. Our stock 
has been developed by 
long, tedious work on 
the part of our grower. 
The experienced Radish- 
grower who really knows 
stocks will go a long way 
to secure a more perfect 
strain than this one. As a 
greenhouse forcing type, 
or as a field type, we be- 
lieve it is without a peer 
and we willingly challenge 
comparison with any others. 

Our stock will be found 
uniformly true to the globe 
shape and of a rich, scarlet 
color. This type of Radish 
has proved to be more valu- 
able on the market than 
the round type. The average 
size of the root at maturity 
is by % inches. The 

top is remarkably small, 
ich is a necessary feature 
for bunching. It will grow 
quickly and evenly, matur- 
ing in just over three weeks 
under normal conditions. 
Prices of all Radish Seed, 
delivered: Pkt. 10 cts.; oz. 
15 cts.; V4lb.30 cts.; lb.$l; 
5 ibs. or over, 90 cts. per lb. 

Radish Notes 

An application of salt to 
a field infested with maggots 
give almost complete 
control against them. With 
this, we recommend the 
usual crop rotation. During 
some seasons aphis are par- 
ticularly bad in radish, 
we recommend early planting to 
A dressing of nitrate of soda will 
greatly stimulate growth and insure tender, brittle roots. 
Cur radish seed is chemically treated to eliminate sur- 
face-borne disease. This greatly stimulates germination 
and subsequent growth. 

T r\ncS ^r»iavlof Days to maturity, 30. The 
i-iOng OCaiiei. bright scarlet root will attain 
a length of from 5 to 6 inches, having a diameter of 1 
inch. The flesh is crisp and tender. Care must be 
taken not to allow this variety to remain too long 
after attaining its full growth. 

(1885.) Days to ma- 
_ turity, 40. Introduced 
in the United States by Johnson & Stokes in 1885. A 
large summer Radish desirable for late planting. The 
maximum size of root before becoming pithy is about 
5 inches in length and 1}^ inches in diameter. One- 
fifth of the root usually grows above the ground. 

pL. or SHEPHERD. Days to maturity, 

V^narilCl, 45. A summer Radish, dull pink for 
two-thirds of its length, shading to a pure white at the 
tip. Average length 5 inches. It is not recommended 
for spring planting. 

Generally speaking, 
escape aphis trouble. 

Philadelphia White Box (1888) 

Days to maturity, 35. This variety was introduced 
by Johnson & Stokes in 1888. This superb, ivory- 
white strain is probably the best of the round, white 
class. We have spared no pains in developing the stock 
which would meet the critical requirements of the large 
field-Radish men. Owing to prohibition and the passing 
of the free-lunch counter, we do not recommend as large 
plantings as formerly, but there is still a place for it. 

Days to maturity, 30. The 
root will attain a length of 
about 5}y'2 inches, tapering regularly from near the 
shoulder to the tip, holding this thickness for nearly 
its entire length, the thickest part being about 1 inch 
from the top. It will hold a week to ten days before 
becoming pithy. The color is a pure transparent white. 

Days to maturity, 
28. This is grown 

very extensively commercially, especially for the mid- 
West markets. The color is a very deep scarlet, with a 
distinct white tip covering about one-third of the 
lower diameter of the root. Its shape is nearly round, 
slightly flattened on the under side. 


95 cts. per lb.; 100 lbs. 

White Icicle, 

Sparkler White Tip. 

White Strasburg, 

Half-long Black Spanish. 

Days to 
ity, 70. This is a winter Radish. Its roots are a gray- 
black color on the surface, having a white interior, 
which is very crisp and pungent. Length 33^ inches. 

cts.; oz. 20 cts.; V^lb. 30 cts.; 
and over, 90 cts. per lb. 

lb. $1; 10 lbs. and over, 






One ounce of seed will produce over 3,000 plants, which, 
if planted 4 by 4 feet, will cover an acre 

(Lycopersicum esculentum var. vulgare.) In all probability a native of Peru. The name is derived from the 
Aztec word Xitomate, the vegetable having been prized and extensively cultivated by the natives long before the 
discovery of America. It has probably been under a high state of cultivation for at least 2,000 years. 

Greater Baltimore 


Increased size, greater produc.sveness, splendid appearance — these are the qualities of this superior strain 

Days to maturity, 150. This strain is the result of eight years' selection for the above-mentioned 
characteristics. It is a recognized fact that the prevaihng canners' stocks of Greater Baltimore are running 
to a very small size. They are flat and the yield per acre has been seriously reduced. We can conscientiously 
off"er this variety as a stock which has not weakened on those points. A return of from twelve to fifteen tons 
per acre is not unusual with this strain. We feel that we are conservative in estimating that the possible 
net profits of Super-Standard Greater Baltimore are double those of the prevailing stocks of Greater 
Baltimore that are available in the various canning districts. This variety is not wilt-resistant and, there- 
fore, is not recommended for planting in the wilt area on a line through Maryland, Indiana, and southward 
thereof. Marglobe or Norton are the varieties for that district. Anyone desiring a late Tomato, maturing 
some three weeks after Bonny Best, which under normal conditions in the latitude of Philadelphia means 
about August 10, will find this vigorous stock of Greater Baltimore very satisfactory. Greater Baltimore is a 
Tomato of the older Stone type. The two names in many cases are practically synonymous at present. 
Price, delivered: Pkt. 15 cts.; oz. 40 cts.; V4lb- $1.50; lb. $6; 5 lbs. or more, $5 per lb. 

Stokes Bonny Best STANDARD STRAIN 

Days to maturity, 130. The canning-house Tomato crop of the northern states is about equally divided 
between Bonny Best and Greater Baltimore. Bonny Best, as introduced by the late Walter P. Stokes in 
1908, is second-early in season, following Earliana within one week. The Standard Strain offered herewith 
has been grown on our own seed-farm under the most careful methods. It is not as pure as our Super- 
Standard strain and is not as productive, but compared to the general run of Bonny Best now on the market, 
we consider it vastly superior. In the latitude of Philadelphia, it will ordinarily ripen about July 15, con- 
tinuing to bear for six weeks. To canners looking for a high-grade stock of Bonny Best we offer our Standard 
Strain with no apologies. It will undoubtedly prove very profitable for we have grown it ourselves and know 
what its performance is. This crop was looked upon by all visitors on our farm as a heavy-yielding strain. 
Price, delivered: Pkt. 15 cts.; oz. 40 cts.; V^lb. $1.50; lb. $6; 5 lbs. or more, $5 per lb. 

*Our Tomato Seed is Chemically Treated. ononlWthXSLon^heF^^^^ 

State College, we started off on a seed treatment program last year. Of all the results obtained, the most marked 
were with tomato, and very naturally we propose to continue our treatment of tomato seed as well as the experi- 
mental work along this general hne. We found that this treatment disinfects the seed against surface-borne dis- 
ease spores, which in turn accelerates germination and consequent plant growth — all of which has a very definite 
bearing on increased yields. 





The New Marglobe Tomato 

The most important introduction since Bonny Best. An unusually productive hybrid of great promise; 
resistant to Nail-Head Rust and Fusarium Wilt 

Days to maturity, 140. We have the great honor, this year, of introducing to our trade the Marglobe 
Tomato, a new variety which we beheve is destined for great prominence within the next decade. Marglobe 
is another triumph of the plant-breeders. In this instance, the honors go to Dr. Fred J. Pritchard, of the 
Bureau of Plant Industry, United States Department of Agriculture. Dr. Pritchard, in his quiet, unassuming 
way, has accomplished very definite results in developing wilt-resistant strains of Tomato. We believe the 
Marglobe to be his outstanding achievement. It is a hybrid from Mar\^el, a Government strain developed 
from Vilmorin's Mar\^el of the Market, and Livingston Globe, a pink-fleshed Tomato. The stock we ofl"er 
this year for the first time is the ninth generation from the original cross. This stock has been selected for 
a pure scarlet, globe-shaped type, having the fine characteristics of the Globe. Being a hybrid, however, it 
has far more vigor than the Globe, is a much heavier producer, and is slightly earher. Under the most 
exhaustive tests it has proven practically immune to Nail-Head Rust and Fusarium W ilt. 

We offer Marglobe Tomato as an unusually valuable variety over a wide field of activities. While 
Nail-Head Rust is comparatively unknown, north of Georgia, there is always some danger of it in Mississippi 
and Tennessee. Its most vital attacks seem to be on the east coast of Georgia and Florida and on the west 
coast of Mexico. The fact that Marglobe is resistant to wilt makes it a valuable variety for all states from 
Maryland and Indiana south; that it is very productive and has such a rich, scarlet color makes it a valuable 
canning Tomato; that it is of magnificent appearance makes it a valuable market Tomato; that it is very 
sweet flavored, makes it a popular Tomato for home consumption. With all of these qualities, is it any 
wonder that we are enthusiastic? We predict that long after the land boom in Florida is a memory, the 
name Marglobe will be a household word in the homes of the farmers of that remarkable state. Our first 
pound of stock seed has cost us nearly S2,000 to produce. Our quoted price of S12 per pound we consider 
to be a very moderate one. Price, delivered: Pkt. 25 cts.; oz. 75 cts.; Vi^h. $3; lb. $12; 5 lbs. or more, $11 
per lb. 



Days to maturity, 140. This strain has been produced from our four most perfect type stock seed plants. 
We have isolated this strain from the larger lot because we were so impressed with the possibilities of 
Marglobe as a greenhouse Tomato and for this work only the most perfect type should be used. Marglobe 
sets very easily. This characteristic makes it especially desirable for greenhouse work where the factor (jf 
pollenation is so important. This Super-Standard strain is recommended to all greenhouse men. It may not 
prove as satisfactory- as our Super-Standard Bonny Best for it is a week later in maturing, but its handsome 
appearance will find a ready market and its fine globe shape depth makes it a splendid slicing type. This 
strain is in every way worth}' of the Super-Standard designation. Price, delivered: Pkt. $1; V^oz. $3; 
oz. $5. 

The Story of Marglobe 

Our part in the commercial development of Marglobe is briefly as follows: In the early spring of 1924, our 
Francis C. Stokes was in Florida making a survey of the Tomato industry which, with increasing severity, has been 
damaged by Nail-Head Rust (a fungous disease, Alternaria Solani). It soon became evident that this disease would 
have to be attacked from the same angle that mosaic on spinach, rust on asparagus, and other similar diseases have 
been attacked; viz., by producing a stock that had resistant qualities. The disease was so deeply intrenched that 
all efforts of control in other directions seemed futile. Thereupon we set about to find a single plant, in all the 
thousands of acres of Globe, that might seem immune. We soon gave up this task and started searching for a 
variety that was immune. The result of this led us to two separate varieties which had that quality. One was the 
Wild Cherry; the other was the Marvel. The latter was found, through the able assistance of Mr. Alfred Warren, 
County Agent for St. Lucie County, in a Tomato trial near Vero, which was being conducted by the Florida Ex- 
periment Station. Immediate plans were made for making crosses of these two varieties with the Globe type, the 
commonly accepted commercial strain for south Florida. 

A few days later, this program of hybridization was presented for criticism and assistance at the Bureau of 
Plant Industry, in Washington. The Bureau, in the meantime, had been receiving calls for assistance on the Nail- 
Head difficulty from all over Florida. The gentlemen in question were keenly interested, especially on the report of 
the Marvel, which up to that time was not known to be resistant to Nail-Head Rust. We were immediately in- 
formed that our program of hybridization was not necessary in view of the fact that Dr. Pritchard had already 
made a cross between Marvel and Globe and that the stock of the seventh generation would be available at the 
Arlington Farm in the fall. 

Before we left Washington that day, a conference was held with the Chief of the Bureau, and tentative plans 
were made to hold formal tests of this new hybrid, now known as Marglobe, at several points in Florida, so that 
the crops would mature at the height of the Nail-Head season. In September, 1924, the 3 acres of Marglobe on the 
Arlington Farm made one of the most impressive crops we had ever seen. Having great confidence that this factor 
of resistance would hold, we made immediate arrangements for growing a supply of stock seed. Dr. Pritchard 
sent us only part of an ounce of seed from selected plants. This v/as divided in three, part being sent to Bermuda^ 
part to Florida, and part was sown under glass in our greenhouse at Moorestown, N. J. The Bermuda seed failed 
to germinate on account of cold nights and the Florida seed was lost in a flood. About 300 plants were saved for 
greenhouse cultivation, and from these we secured enough stock seed for 30 acres of the Tomato — 10 in New Jersey, 
10 in California, and 10 in South Carolina. The So uth Carolina, crop has been totally lost on account of the 

Note to Seedsmen: Marglobe Tomato is in its first year commercially. It is, undoubtedly, going 
to prove an outstanding variety during the next decade. Marglobe, as a name, is clear and distinct. May we not 
respectfully suggest to our fellow seedsmen at this juncture that there be no renaming of this Tornato? We as 
seedsmen owe it to our customers and to ourselves not to confuse the- issue further. Two introductions of ours, 
Earliana and Bonny Best, now are offered under more than two hundred different names. Isn't it time to call 
a halt on all this? Let's call Marglobe, Marglobe. 






unprecedented drought; 
the New Jersey crop has 
been shortened by early 
frosts; but the California 
crop promises to give us 
full return. 

In the meantime, the 
official tests were held in 
Florida this spring and 
careful records were kept by the 
Government men in charge. These 
trials were a great triumph for the 
Mendehan Law. The factor of re- 
sistance to Nail-Head held just as we 
had hoped. One of the principal trials 
was in the form of five rows of Mar- 
globe in the midst of a 50-acre field of 
Cooper Special, a Globe type. This 
field was almost completely ruined 
with Nail-Head Rust, whereas the 
test-rows of Marglobe, which had re- 
ceived the same treatment and cultivation, were almost entirely free of any sign of the 
is generally looked on as a drab, uninteresting, dusty kind of affair by those who know 
there is a bit of romance in a story of this kind. 




Part of our stock 
seed was taken 
from these se- 
lected fruits. There 
were originally six 
tomatoes in this 
cluster. They 
weighed 2 lbs., 15 oz. 

disease. The seed business 
it only on the outside, but 

Norton or Wilt- 
Resistant Stone 

Days to maturity, 150. This Tomato 
is the product of Dr. Pritchard's work 
in the U. S. Department of Agriculture. 
Our home-grown crop this year was one 
of the most productive on our farm, 
indicating that if planted early enough, 
Norton win yield very heavily. Norton 
is a late-maturing sort, but it is also a 
prohfic sort. As a canning and garden 
Tomato for districts in Maryland to 
Indiana and south thereof, we re- 
commend it very highly. Norton has 
most characteristics of the Stone. The 
fact that it is highly resistant to Fusarium Wilt, of course, gives it special importance. We beheve it should 
have special consideration on the part of canners in Maryland, Virginia, Indiana, and Kentucky. Price, 
delivered: Pkt. 10 cts.; oz. 40 cts.; V^lh. $1.50; lb. $6; 5 lbs. or more, $5.75 per lb. 

Our Tomato Department Is Our Strongest Arm 

To those who consider the price of our Tomato seed excessive, we want merely to state that it is not out of 
proportion to the value of the crop it will produce. It is the net profit, after the cost of production is paid for, that 
really counts. Production costs with cheap seed are practically the same as those of more expensive seed. The 
outstanding successes among Tomato-growers are, in most cases, founded on highly bred seed. Our firm has a 
proud record in the introduction of new Tomatoes. Earliana was contributed by Johnson & Stokes some twenty- 
five years ago. The late Walter P. Stokes introduced Bonny Best in 1908. Very naturally^ we take a modest pride 
in helping to introduce the new Marglobe commercially. We predict that this Tomato will have great influence 
on the industry during the next decade. Our strains of Penn State Earliana and Super-Standard Bonny Best will 
distinguish themselves in any competition. The six strains listed in this catalogue are offered with no apologies, 
and each variety has a definite place of its own. We have tried to make our descriptions concise and illuminating, 
as we have tried to make our individual strains worthy of the house that sells them. They have been produced 
under constant, personal vigilance. Reports from our custom.ers indicate that they are proving to be astonishingly 

Pittsfield, Mass., July 20. 1925 
/ want to tell you that I am well pleased with your seeds. The Beet and Carrot are the best that I have planted in 
several years. I had stocks Jrom other sources oj supply, but your strains are more uniform in shape and color. Good 
Sweet Corn seed has been scarce and high, but stocks obtained Jrom you showed strong germination and vigorous growth. 
I am enclosing a small order jor seeds with money order. I am glad to, see one seedsman progressive enough to reduce 
bis list oj varieties. You are blazing the trail that others in the trade will do well to Jollow. Wishing you a prosperous 
season, I am, (Signed) Albert L. Northrup. 





Penn State Earliana 


Very early, large, and smooth. A heavy producer- 
the best Earliana we have ever seen 

Grown from stock seed supplied by Pennsylvania State College 

Days to maturity, 125. We are indebted to Dr. C. E. Myers, of the Department of Plant Breeding, 
Pennsylvania State College, for this very advanced strain of Earhana. That Dr. Myers' work has been 
thoroughly conscientious and worth while is evidenced by the results he has attained on this very important 
variety. Earliana was introduced some twenty-five years ago by Johnson & Stokes. In those days, the old 
Sparks' strain which our predecessors offered was a very superior product, but by comparison with the Penn 
State strain, we now offer a greatly advanced type. Without question, this is the most impressive stock of 
Earhana it has been our pleasure to grow. Various Tomato experts who examined our seed-crop in 
New Jersey were astounded by the vigor and productiveness of the vine, coupled with the large size and 
remarkable smoothness of the fruit. Until they were shown the finely cut Earhana leaf, many of them 
actually thought they were looking at a crop of Bonny Best. 

Dr. Myers very kindly came down from State College and made a plant-by-plant inspection of our crop 
just before it was gathered for seed. Having taken this extra precaution, we can offer the stock with even 
greater assurance, for we have thus combined the type ideas of the originator with our own. The Tomato 
department of our business for some time has been our strongest arm. In adding Penn State Earliana to our 
list, we have definitely strengthened it. This strain will be found as good as its name. The product of twelve 
years' scientific selection is offered herewith with great assurance. It cannot fail to prove surprisingly profit- 
able under any conditions which are suitable to the production of the Earhana strain. 

We want to make it very plain, to those who may not have so discovered, that Earhana is not suited for 
heavy soils and will not perform well on them. A warm, sandy loam is the proper place for Earhana. If 
you have this, and if you want splendid, salable, extra-early Tomatoes, try part of your land with Penn 
State Earliana. This crop cannot fail to very deeply impress anyone who sees it. Price, delivered: Fkt. 
50 cts. ; V20Z. $1 ; oz. $2 ; i/^b. $7.50 ; lb. $28. 

Note on Pollinating Indoor Tomatoes: 

Because of the stillness of the air inside a greenhouse, it is necessary to hand-pollinate Tomato blossoms in 
order to secure a full set. In this connection we would call attention to the work done by Prof. A. G. B. Bouquet 
of the Oregon Agricultural College. He estimates that 10 cents covers the cost of pollination for an entire plant. 
By such methods he secured an average of 11 pounds 6 ounces per plant with our Super-Standard Bonny Best. 
The highest yielding plant was 16 pounds. All greenhouse men will recognize this as a phenomenal yield. It is 
known that an ample supply of pollen is of the greatest assistance in all poIHnating work. Inasmuch as no pollen 
is formed where there is an excess of nitrogen, it may be found best to cut down tfie waters-supply during tfie ten 
days or two weeks when the main set is being made, waiting until after this before applying nitrate of soda. Hand- 
pollinating should be done with the first two fingers of the left hand. This kind of work is most effective when done 
on clear, dry days. 



Profitable Under Glass Because : 

1. It will bear from 5 to 15 pounds of fruit per plant. 

2. It usually ripens at a time when fruit sells for at 

least 25 cents per pound. 

3. Its delicious flavor is known to the consumer. 

Profitable in the Open Because : 

1. It will yield from 12 to 18 tons per acre. 

2. It ripens before the midsummer glut. 

3. Its large, smooth fruit attracts the best buyers. 




Stokes Bonny Best 


A run-out type 

CROP1925 A well-bred type 

Days to maturity, 130. We take genuine satisfaction in offering this much-heralded strain of 
Tomato for the fifth year. With the 1925 crop, we have developed a purity of type which we have 
never before achieved. We consider it the fmest stock of Bonny Best so far produced. Combined 
with this factor of purity, and perhaps a matter of even greater importance, is its unusual produc- 
tiveness. Never have we received such astonishing reports from customers in every district on the 
actual profits which our Super-Standard Bonny Best has developed for practically everyone who has 
grown it, all of which is very encouraging, for we don't mind admitting having spent more time and 
effort in the development of this strain than any other individual stock that we offer. Naturally, it 
is a great satisfaction to know that this effort has been expended to good purpose. 

Profit figures are often misleading, but we have heard so many instances in which our customers 
took in between $500 and $1,000 from the produce of an ounce of this seed, that we feel entirely 
justified in speaking of it. One customer, from near Black Hall, Conn., reports a return of $400 from 
a $1 package of seed, which planted one-quarter acre of ground! This figure has been repeated, and 
in some cases more than doubled, on the same quantity of seed grown under glass. 

We recommend Super-Standard Bonny Best for field cultivation or for greenhouse forcing. Under 
glass it will produce fruits weighing from 6 to 8 ounces each, with plants giving a total pick of five 
pounds and upward. Some of the largest greenhouse crops of Tomato in the United States and Canada 
are being grown with this strain, all of which has been produced on our seed-farm in New Jersey. 

We attribute our success in developing this strain to our practice of single-plant line-breeding. 
The entire 1925 crop was the product of four plants which averaged 54.5 fruits each. The first third 
of the fruits gathered weighed just under 8 ounces; the average width was 3 inches and depth 2^ 
inches. The color is an intense scarlet. 

Our Tomato crops were inspected by many customers, as well as Experiment Station men, and 
the unanimous opinion was that our Super-Standard Bonny Best was one of the finest crops ever 
grown. Perhaps of all this praise, that which we value the most highly has come from our own neigh- 
bors—farmers who have grown Tomatoes as a life-time job. They unanimously pronounced this 
crop the finest they have ever seen, and all of them have made arrangements for a seed-supply from 
it for their own fields next year. Another instance has come to us from the Secretary of the Marietta 
Truck Growers Association, an organization which uses large quantities of this strain. He told us 
that the prevailing opinion was that our strain of Bonny Best was by far the most profitable of any 
their members had planted. One man planted part of his crop with our strain and part with seed from 
another source. His statement was that if he had planted his entire crop with our seed he would 
have been $400 better off. 

If you in the past have hesitated to pay $5 an ounce for Tomato seed, perhaps you can learn a 
lesson from those who have. To all such, we can only say that this first cost in many cases has proven 
to be less than 1 per cent of the value of the crop. 

In the final analysis, this Tomato will be judged by its performance. If you are still in doubt, we 
shall be glad to send you the names and addresses of growers near you who know what this strain 
can produce. You can then examine their record for your own satisfaction. If you are interested in 
securing a yield of from 15 to 20 tons per acre or a return of $1.30 to $1.60 per plant under glass, 
give Super-Standard Bonny Best a trial. Price, delivered: Pkt. $1; Vzoz. $3; oz. $5; Vilb. $18.50. 

"In securing Tomato seed, the grower cannot exercise too much care. Price should not be the 
controlling factor, providing the right sort of seed can be purchased." — Taken from "The Culture of 
Early and Late Outdoor Tomatoes," by MacLennan and Presant. 

East Setauket, L. 

[., N. Y., February 21, 1925 

We Jeel that your Super-Standard strain of Golden 
Bantam Sweet Corn should be good, having had such 
wonderful success with your Super-Standard Bonny Best 
Tomatoes. Took $630 off half an acre last summer, and 
oh, what a bad year it was, with the cold spring followed 
by the long drought! 

Please quote us price of 7^ pounds of Golden Bantam 
seed, delivered. (Signed) Donald V. Ferguson 

Gentlemen: SufField, Conn., July 20, 1925 

/ am compelled to write to you of the wonderful success 
I have had with your seeds, the best of anything I ever 
had in a forty-year experience. I am, and have been, 
selling your Bonny Best Tomatoes for two weeks at 
$6.^0 and $7.^0 a basket of 20 pounds. The plants 
are loaded with wonderful Tomatoes and I expect to get 
far over $1,000 per acre for them. 

The melons {Bender) are also excellent; not a missing 

hill in 7 acres of them, and some of them are g inches in 
diameter already. The best of all, they seem to be all 
true to name. From seed last year which I bought from 
another seed firm, I raised melons and when we delivered 
them I was asked how many different melon patches I 
had to get the 57 varieties. No more of that! 

(Signed) Herman Ude 

Gentlemen: Bettendorf, Iowa, February 21, 1925 

This will be my third season for your seeds, and I 
must say that I think your policy of handling a few but 
good and true-to-name varieties, and also the germination 
test, gives a person confidence in your seeds. Was glad 
to see you add New Zealand Spinach to your list this 
season as it is a good one. 

I sure had extra good luck with your Super-Standard 
Bonny Best last year, selling about $300 worth of 
Tomatoes from one packet of seed. Even when Tomatoes 
got plentiful, they brought from 2^ to 50 cents a bushel 
more than other varieties. (Signed) G. F. Kuehl 



Long- Standing Bloomsdale Spinach, New 


Will stand from two to three weeks longer than ordinary Bloomsdale 

Days to maturity, 45. This new variety, together with Princess Juhana hsted below, is a new hermaphrodite 
or bi-sexual sort which has been produced by an entirely new principle apphed to Spinach-breeding. Spinach- 
growers have known for some time that male plants are always the hrst to bolt, beside producing small-leaved 
plants. If a large percentage are present in a crop undergoing a few days of hot weather, the whole crop is usually 
worthless. Using this point as a premise, our Holland grower has isolated four different types, three of which, if 
not pure female plants are of the female habit of growth. The photograph was taken on June 20, 1925, and 
we understand it is the identical field from which our present seed was taken. On the same day, the ordinary 
Bloomsdale on adjoining properties had entirely run to seed. Photographs at best are not very satisfactory, but 
this one, taken near The Hague, Holland, very clearly shows two things: First, the success of the new breeding 
principle in its long-standing feature, and, secondly, the almost perfectly formed plants. These will bear close 
examination. Any grower who had a field of that kind to cut three weeks after all competitors' fields of Bloomsdale 
were off the market can appreciate the value of such a strain. Our supply of seed this year of this variety is quite 
limited. Anyone really interested will, therefore, order promptly. Price, delivered: Pkt. 10 cts.; oz. 15 cts.; V4,lh. 
20 cts.; lb. 40 cts.; 5 lbs. $1.75; 50 lbs. $15; 100 lbs. $28. 

Princess Juliana, New STANDARD 

A second-early, long-standing Spinach 

Days to maturity, 50. This variety was developed through the same principles described above. We consider 
it a great improvement over both our Long Season and King of Denmark, and have allowed it to supersede both 
our varieties, which we have discontinued. Princess Juliana, named in honor of the daughter of the Queen of the 
Netherlands, wilT prove a very valuable sort of its class. It is second-early, grows close to the ground, develops 
crumpled, dark green leaves which have a way of retaining their crisp freshness long after being cut. This variety, 
also a hermaphrodite strain, will stand a remarkably long time, even in warm weather, before bolting to seed. We 
recommend that it be planted a few days after Long Standing Bloomsdale. Price, delivered: Pkt. 10 cts.; oz. 15 
Cts.; y4lb. 20 cts.; lb. 35 cts.; 5 lbs. $1.50; 50 lbs. $12.50; 100 lbs. $24. 

New Zealand ( Tetragonia expansa) 

Days to maturity, 60. Unlike true Spinach, this one thrives during hot weather and in soil which is 
rich or poor. It is the best hot weather substitute that we know of. The plant is bush-like in form, 

growing to a height of 12 inches and spreading to 
about 18 inches. The leaves are small, broad and 
pointed, and of excellent quality. They may be cut 
throughout the summer, thus the name Cut-and-Come 
Again. The germination of this seed is hastened by 
soaking the seed in luke warm water for twenty-four 
hours before planting. Plant three or four seeds in 
hills 3 feet apart each way. Price, delivered: Pkt. 
10 cts.; oz. 15 cts.; V^lb. 20 cts.; lb. 75 cts.; 5 lbs. or 
more, 70 cts. per lb. 

Virginia Savoy 


A yellows resistant stock for fall planting only 

Days to maturity, 40. This variety has a very different, 
although equally interesting, history from the two sorts 
described above. It has been developed primarily to 
resist Mosaic, commonly known as yellows, a disease 
which is getting more and more severe in certain Middle 
Atlantic districts during the fall season. Virginia Savoy 
contains about 70 per cent male plants. It will, there- 
fore, shoot to seed very quickly in warm weather. For 
this reason it must not be planted in the latitude of 
Philadelphia until about August 20. This seed is only one 
generation removed from the stock seed grown by the 
Virginia Truck Experiment Sta tion, which was responsi- 
ble for the final development of this strain. 

Virginia Savoy is a cross between Bloomsdale and a 
Manchurian dandelion collected by the late lamented 
plant explorer, Mr. Frank N. Meyer, near Liaoyang. Our 
friend. Dr. J. B. Norton, secured natural crosses of this 
plant with Bloomsdale, thus infusing into Bloomsdale a 
resistance to Mosaic and a hardiness against cold weather, 
as carried through into the present variety. In offering 
Virginia Savoy, we wish to pay our compliments to the 
scientists who have been responsible for its development. 
We still have this variety in limited supply of the 1925 
crop. Our principal offerings of it came from the new 
crop which is usually delivered about August 25. Orders 
against this crop may be booked at any time. Price, 
delivered: Pkt. 10 cts.; oz. 15 cts.; y4lb. 20 cts.; lb. 
35 cts.; 5 lbs. $1.50; 50 lbs. $12.50; 100 lbs. $24. 

Long-Standing Bloomsdale Spinach 





Top left, Red-Top White 
Globe; top right, Purple- 
Top Milan; beneath, 
Yellow Globe Rutabaga 

Milan Turnip 

Days to maturity, 45. This 
small, tender, flat Turnip is a 
garden variety, as distinct from 
a farmer's variety. In table 
quality it is far ahead of the 
Purple-Top White Globe, and 
because of its more delicate 
texture should be harvested 
soon after reaching its mature 
size of about 2}4 inches. The 
Milan types are yery often 
used for forcing. In all cases 
where extra-earhness, fine qual- 
ity, and bright, attractive ap- 
pearance are concerned, Purple-Top Milan should be given consideration. Price, delivered: Pkt. 10 cts. ; 
oz. 15 cts.; V^lb* 30 cts.; lb. $1 ; 5 lbs. or more, 90 cts. per lb. 

Red-Top White Globe 

Days to maturity, 70. In this stock we offer an excellent type of the standard commercial variety. Red- 
Top White Globe is usuallv broadcasted with a grass mixture or alone during the month of August. Our 
stock will be found a good type, of fine texture, and has reasonably good keeping qualities. We recommend, 
however, that Red-Top White Globe be disposed of ahead of Rutabaga. Price, delivered: Pkt. 10 cts.; 
oz. 15 cts.; l^lb. 20 cts.; lb. 60 cts.; 5 lbs. or more, 50 cts. per lb. 

Yellow Globe Rutabaga 

{Brassica campestris.) Days to maturity, 125. The Rutabaga, as compared to the turnip, requires a 
longer season for development and is more highly esteemed as a real winter vegetable. The turnip is better 
adapted to the earh^ market. Its flesh is not as firm as Rutabaga, and generafly speaking, the Rutabaga has 
a rougher surface than the turnip and is not so sj"mmetricaL This feature is brought out in the above il- 
lustration. They are, however, better keepers and are more highly prized for stock-feeding. Our stock of 
Yellow Globe Rutabaga has a smafl top and is practically neckless. It wiH grow to a large size and wiH be 
found of exceflent table quahty. The color is a rich golden yeHow with a definite fringe of purple around the 
upper edge. The Rutabaga is usually planted in rows, not later than June. We recommend that they be 
thinned to at least 6 inches in the row. Price, delivered: Pkt. 10 cts.; oz. 15 Cts.; l^lb. 25 cts.; lb. 75 cts.; 
5 lbs. or more, 65 cts. per lb. 



Improved Kleckley Sweet Watermelon 


This very large Kleckley is proving to be extremely profitable 

Days to maturity, 87. When the original Kleckley Sweet was introduced, some twenty-five years ago, 
it was looked on as an excellent eating melon, but one which had a tendency to run to the smaller sizes. 
Tom Watson, a great shipping melon for northern markets, we have always considered of distinctly inferior 
quality. This new strain of Improved Kleckley Sweet combines the good features of each. It produces 
uniformly large, long melons, resembling Tom Watson, with thin rind, but tough enough for reasonable 
shipping distances and the inside flesh is fully up to the quality of the original Kleckley and free from hard 
centers. The outside of the melon is a dark, rich green and the larger sizes have small crease-like markings, 
making it most attractive. It is very prolific. See photograph. The seed is pure white. 

Mr. Arthur Royer, from Greenville, Ills., writes of our Improved Kleckley Sweet as follows, under date 
of October 17, 1925: "Hail ruined all of our early melons. We had a late patch to ripen in September and 
October, and I wish to say they were very sweet and fine in spite of their late ripening. I have raised melons 
for several years — in fact, all my life — and I can truthfully say that Stokes has the best and truest Kleckley 
Sweet Melons I have ever tried out." Price, delivered: Pkt. 10 cts.; oz. 20 cts.; Vilb. 40 cts.; lb. $1.35; 
5 lbs. or over, $1.25 per lb. 

Fordhook Early 

Days to maturity, 85. This, probably, is the earliest variety of Watermelon grown in this country, and, 
of its class, we consider it v^ery worthy of consideration. Harris Earliest, a melon of the same group, not 
only matures later, but is not of equal quality, and we have now discontinued it. Fordhook Early will 
mature in the more northerly districts where Kleckley Sweet will not, and in the latitude of Philadelphia 
it will produce melons three weeks ahead of Kleckle3\ The skin is dark green, flesh bright red, and seed 
dark brown. Price, delivered: Pkt. 10 cts.; oz. 15 cts.; i^lb. 35 cts.; lb. $1.25; 5 lbs. or more, $1.15 per lb. 


Days to maturity, 95. This large, main-season variety has consistently proved to be a money-maker for 
the New Jersey growers. The flesh is of coarser texture than the Kleckley Sweet, but the flavor is very fine 
and its solid, dark green melons find a ready market. It very often runs 40 to 50 pounds per melon. Although 
not a round melon, it is not as long as Kleckley Sweet, averaging qbout 15 inches in length and 10 inches in 
width. This variety Can be highlv recommended to our trade. Price, delivered: Pkt. 10 cts.; oz. 15 cts.; 
V41b. 35 cts.; lb. $1.25; 5 lbs. or more, $1.15 per lb. 



THERE are very few market gardeners 
who appreciate their greatest asset, the 
surpassing flavor of a well-grown, 
quickly handled, and finely prepared vege- 
table. Flavor has been largely lost sight of by 
the commercial grower and is almost unknown 
to the public, except that fortunate part of it 
which has been able to maintain home gardens. 
Truck farming in a broad sense has been in 
shoal water for the past five years. Regardless 
of heroic efforts on the part of the best men 
in the business, it is likely to remain there 
unless more attention is paid to the matter of 
freshness, a feature which can only be accom- 
pHshed through direct contact with the 
customer. Market gardening, as differentiated 
from truck farming, is in a much stronger 
position to capitahze on Flavor. 

Some day an enterprising group of market 
gardeners will handle their vegetables as the 
products of the dairies and bakeries are now 
handled. Produce will come to the dinner table 
as fresh and far more alluring than the morn- 
ing paper comes to the breakfast table. My 
own ideal for this problem is for an association 
having its own packing-house in a central 
point to organize a fleet of clean, white- 
painted trucks offering fresh vegetables at the 
housewife's door of an excellence never before 
dreamed of. 

It takes a very keen grower to make money 
on the wholesale market. GeneraHy speaking, 
the grower receives only one-third of the 
ultimate sales price. A further and perhaps 
stronger reason why market gardeners should 
make direct contacts with the consumer is the 
necessity of identification of their fresh- 
gathered, stringless, full-of-the-flavor-of-the- 
soil vegetables. 

The great oil companies found it was not 
beneath their dignity to make direct contacts 
with their customers. On the other hand, 
thousands of vegetable growers regularly haul 

their loads to the great city markets, dump 
them mountain high on the curbstones, and 
at the end of the week wonder why their 
returns are so low. They consistently fail to 
appreciate the necessity of completing the 
cycle through their own agencies. Instead 
they leave it to an army of push cart men who 
have not brought honor to the industry. Their 
margin of profit is out of all proportion to the 
service rendered. 

In bringing out these points, I do not mean 
to imply that every grower should become a 
huckster, for his time is far too valuable, and 
no one man can ordinarily furnish a complete 
service. On the other hand, a few by co- 
ordinating their service (as for instance the 
Monroe County, Pa., Vegetable Growers As- 
sociation has, in serving the Pocono Mountain 
trade) can offer a complete service at a mini- 
mum expense, and at the same time control 
the evils of both over and under-production. 

The great success of the roadside market 
has plainly shown the value of direct contacts. 
It must be remembered, however, that every- 
body does not motor to the country every day, 
and that the enthusiasm of those who have 
has cooled a bit by having to pay city prices 
for often very flavorless products. The success 
of the whole roadside effort has been severely 
tested by the great preponderance of hot-dog 
and pop stands which have largely taken away 
the beauty of the open road. The fact that the 
legitimate roadside marketer has not only 
survived but is emerging stronger than ever 
is very significant. 

You may serve a large city, a series of sub- 
urban towns, or a summer resort, but the same 
principle applies to every one. The original 
flavor in a fresh-gathered vegetable is your 
greatest asset. Concentrate your energies on 
it, and fight to save it. Make it your business 
to see that the town-dweller renews his ac- 
quaintance with it, by a regular and thoroughly 
dependable service. 

"^From an address delivered by Francis C. Stokes at the Annual Field Day Meeting at the Market Garden Field 
Station, Waltham, Mass., August 5, 1925. 


Asparagus 4, 5 

Beans 6 

Beet 7, 8 

Bonny Best Tomato 31, 36, 37 

Brussels Sprouts 19 

Cabbage 9, 10, 11 

Carrot 12 

Cauliflower . 13 

Celery 14, 15 

Celeriac 15 

Chicory . 1 9 

Corn 16, 17 

Cucumber 18, 19 



Dandelion 19 

Dill 20 

Eggplant 20 

Endive 20 

Kale 19 

Kohlrabi 20 

Leek 20 

Lettuce 21 

Mangel Beet 8 

Muskmelon 22, 23 

Okra 20 

Onion 24, 25 

Parsley 26 


Parsnip 26 

Peas 28, 29 

Pepper 27 

Pumpkin 25 

Radish 30 

Rutabaga 39 

Salsify 25 

Spinach 38 

Squash 25 

Thyme 20 

Tomato 31-37 

Turnip 39 

Watermelon 40 

J. Horace McFarland Company, Horticultural Printers, Harrisburg, Pa. 



•n— --i"n-#f" 1 

r-, r , 1 . i-n-n n nn, 
D*TE OCT'25 - 9 6 1 


Quarter Pound 

Price $3.00 


Days to maturity. 140. A new hybrid developed by the U. S. Dept. of Agric. It is a 
a cross of Marvel and Livingston Globe first offered in coomerce, October. 1925. The selec- 
tion has been for the scarlet tvpe. Marglobe is resistant to Fusarium Wilt and Nail-Head Rust. 
It is a very heavy producer, globe shape, average weight of fruit 6 to 8 ounces. The flavor is 
especially sweet. 

ng the 

> The ■.nricta! 

la' name on packacc idei>tiSe3 this se«J as besne the praiuct and sold witb the 
ce Ciii carry nc specul aiicir.isiice. F. C. S & v.o. 




Photograph reduced of a lypical Quarter Pouna .: r , = ^^'t^'.^J\ 
try to give all available data as to germination, probable performance, etc., as weU 
as cultural notes to cover special instances.